Longitudinal Optics Measurement and Correction

  • Michiko G. Minty
  • Frank Zimmermann
Open Access
Part of the Particle Acceleration and Detection book series (PARTICLE)


Longitudinal focusing for a bunched beam is provided by both the change in path length with particle energy and by the time-dependent accelerating voltage. Usually one employs a smooth approximation, i.e., one ignores the discrete locations of the rf cavities, in describing the particle motion. The longitudinal motion can then be modelled by second order differential equations. For small oscillation amplitudes these equations simplify to those of harmonic oscillators.


Storage Ring Beam Position Monitor Revolution Frequency Synchronous Phase Betatron Tune 
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Authors and Affiliations

  • Michiko G. Minty
    • 1
  • Frank Zimmermann
    • 2
  1. 1.DESY - MDEHamburgGermany
  2. 2.AB Division, ABP GroupCERNGeneva 23Switzerland

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