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Did the Puchezh-Katunki Impact Trigger an Extinction?

  • József Pálfy
Part of the Impact Studies book series (IMPACTSTUD)

Abstract

The 80 km diameter Puchezh-Katunki impact crater is the only one of the six largest known Phanerozoic craters that has not been previously considered as a factor in a biotic extinction event. The age of impact is currently regarded as Bajocian (Middle Jurassic), on the basis of palynostratigraphy of crater lake sediments, but there is no significant extinction in the Bajocian. Earlier K-Ar age determinations of impactites compared with a current Jurassic time scale permit that either the end-Triassic or the Early Jurassic (Pliensbachian-Toarcian) extinction was coeval with the Puchezh-Katunki crater. The stratigraphical and paleontological record contains clues that suggest that an impact may have occurred at these horizons. The age of the Puchezh-Katunki crater needs reevaluation through 40Ar/39Ar dating of impact rocks and/or revision of the palynology of the oldest crater fill. A definitive age determination will help constrain the impact-kill curve.

Keywords

Middle Jurassic Mass Extinction Early Jurassic Impact Crater Oceanic Anoxic Event 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • József Pálfy
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geology and PaleontologyHungarian Natural History MuseumBudapestHungary

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