Advertisement

Bandages for Wounded Landscapes: Faunal Corridors and Their Role in Wildlife Conservation in the Americas

  • S. G. W. Laurance
  • W. F. Laurance
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 162)

Abstract

The loss and fragmentation of natural habitats is probably the single greatest threat to the world’s biological diversity. Fragmentation has a variety of effects including the isolation of habitat remnants, a sharp increase in the amount of habitat edge and, often, a disproportionate loss of certain habitat types — such as accessible areas on fertile, well-drained soils that are most productive for agriculture (Laurance et al. 1999).

Keywords

Forest Edge Riparian Corridor Corridor Width Habitat Corridor Habitat Remnant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Andren H, Angelstam P (1988) Elevated predation rates as an edge effect in habitat islands: experimental evidence. Ecology 69: 544–547CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Beier P (1993) Determining minimum habitat areas and habitat corridors for cougars. Consery Biol 7: 94–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Beier P, Noss RF (1998) Do habitat corridors provide connectivity? Consery Biol 12: 1241–1252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bennett AF (1990a) Habitat corridors: their role in wildlife management and conservation. Department of Conservation and Environment, Melbourne, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  5. Bennett AF (1990b) Habitat corridors and the conservation of small mammals in a fragmented forest environment. Landscape Ecol 4: 109–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bennett AF (1999) Linkages in the landscape: the role of corridors and connectivity in wildlife conservation. IUCN, Gland, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  7. Bierregaard RO Jr, Lovejoy TE, Kapos V, Santos AA, Hutchings RW (1992) The biological dynamics of tropical rainforest fragments. Bioscience 42: 859–866CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Brown JH, Kodric-Brown A (1977) Turnover rates in insular biogeography: effect of immigration on extinction. Ecology 58: 445–449CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Brown KR, Hutchings RW (1997) Disturbance, fragmentation, and the dynamics of Amazonian forest butterflies. In: Laurance WF, Bierregaard RO Jr (eds) Tropical forest remnants: ecology, management, and conservation of fragmented communities. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp 91–110Google Scholar
  10. Camargo JL (1993) Variation in soil moisture and air vapour pressure deficit relative to tropical rain forest edges near Manaus, Brazil. MPhil Thesis, Cambridge University, EnglandGoogle Scholar
  11. Camargo JL, Kapos V (1995) Complex edge effects on soil moisture and microclimate in central Amazonian forest. J Trop Ecol 11: 205–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Carvalho K, Vasconcelos HL (1999) Forest fragmentation in central Amazonia and its effects on litter-dwelling ants. Biol Consery 91: 151–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Catterall CP, Green RJ, Jones DN (1991) Habitat use by birds across a forest-suburb interface in Brisbane: implications for corridors. In: Saunders DA, Hobbs RJ (eds) Nature conservation 2: the role of corridors. Surrey Beatty, Sydney, Australia, pp 247–258Google Scholar
  14. Crome FHJ, Moore LA (1989) Display site constancy of bowerbirds and the effects of logging on Mt Windsor Tableland, north Queensland. Emu 89: 47–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Crome FHJ, Isaacs J, Moore LA (1995) The utility to wildlife of remnant riparian vegetation and associated windbreaks in the tropical Queensland uplands. Pac Consery Biol 2: 328–343Google Scholar
  16. Diamond JM (1975) The island dilemma: lessons of modern biogeographic studies for the design of nature reserves. Biol Consery 7: 129–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Didham RK (1997a) The influence of edge effects and forest fragmentation on leaf-litter invertebrates in central Amazonia. In: Laurance WF, Bierregaard RO Jr (eds) Tropical forest remnants: ecology, management, and conservation of fragmented communities. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp 55–70Google Scholar
  18. Didham RK (1997b) An overview of invertebrate responses to habitat fragmentation. In: Watt A, Stork NE, Hunter M (eds) Forests and insects. Chapman and Hall, London, pp 201–218Google Scholar
  19. Didham RK, Hammond PM, Lawton JH, Eggleton P, Stork N (1998) Beetle species responses to tropical forest fragmentation. Ecol Monogr 68: 295–323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Downes SK, Handasyde KA, Elgar MA (1997) The use of corridors by mammals in fragmented Australian eucalypt forests. Consery Biol 11: 718–726CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Fahrig L, Merriam G (1985) Habitat patch connectivity and population survival. Ecology 66: 1762–1768CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ferreira LV, Laurance WF (1997) Effects of forest fragmentation on mortality and damage of selected trees species in central Amazon. Consery Biol 11: 797–801CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Forman RTT (1995) Land mosaics. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UKGoogle Scholar
  24. Forman RTT, Godron M (1986) Landscape ecology. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  25. Gascon C, Lovejoy TE, Bierregaard RO et al. (1999) Matrix habitat and species persistence in tropical forest remnants. Biol Consery 91: 236–241Google Scholar
  26. Gates JE, Gysel LW (1978) Avian nest predation and fledgling success in field-forest eco-tones. Ecology 59: 871–883CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Gibbs JP, Hunter ML, Melvin SM (1993) Snag availability and communities of cavity nesting birds in tropical versus temperate forests. Biotropica 25: 236–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Gilbert LE (1980) Food web organization and the conservation of neotropical diversity. In: Soulé ME, Wilcox BA (eds) Conservation biology: an ecological-evolutionary perspective. Sinauer, Sunderland, MA, pp 11–33Google Scholar
  29. Goerck JM (1997) Patterns of rarity in the birds of the Atlantic forest of Brazil. Consery Biol 11: 112–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Haas CA (1995) Dispersal and use of corridors by birds in wooded patches on an agricultural landscape. Consery Biol 9: 845–854CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Haddad NM (1999) Corridor and distance effects on interpatch movements: a landscape experiment with butterflies. Ecol Appl 9: 612–622CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Haddad NM, Baum KA (1999) An experimental test of corridor effects on butterfly densities. Ecol Appl 9: 623–633CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Hanski I, Kuussaari M, Nieminen M (1994) Metapopulation structure and migration in the butterfly Melitaea cinxia. Ecology 75: 747–762CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Harris LD (1984) The fragmented forest: island biogeographic theory and the preservation of biotic diversity. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  35. Hess GR (1994) Conservation corridors and contagious disease: a cautionary note. Consery Biol 8: 109–112Google Scholar
  36. Hill CJ (1995) Linear strips of rain forest vegetation as potential dispersal corridors for rainforest insects. Consery Biol 9: 1559–1566CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Hobbs RJ (1992) The role of corridors in conservation: solution or bandwagon? Trends Ecol Evol 11: 389–392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Holmquist JG, Schmidt-Genenbach JM, Yoshioka BB (1998) High dams and marine-freshwater linkages: effects on native and introduced fauna in the Caribbean. Consery Biol 12: 621–630CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Inglis G, Underwood AJ (1992) Comments on some designs proposed for experiments on the biological importance of corridors. Consery Biol 6: 581–586CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Isaacs J (1995) Species composition and movement of birds in riparian vegetation in a tropical agricultural landscape. MSc Thesis, James Cook University, Townsville, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  41. Kapos V (1989) Effects of isolation on the water status of forest patches in the Brazilian Amazon. J Trop Ecol 5: 173–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Kapos V, Ganade G, Matsui E, Victoria RL (1993) 13C as an indicator of edge effects in tropical rain forest fragments. J Trop Ecol 8:425–432Google Scholar
  43. Keitt T, Urban BDL, Milne BT (1997) Detecting critical scales in fragmented landscapes. Consery Ecol 1 (online, URL: http://www.consecol.org/voll/issl/art4)Google Scholar
  44. Lamb D, Parotta J, Keenan R, Tucker N (1997) Rejoining habitat remnants: restoring degraded rainforest lands. In: Laurance WF, Bierregaard RO Jr (eds) Tropical forest remnants: ecology, management, and conservation of fragmented communities. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp 366–385Google Scholar
  45. Laurance SGW (1996) The utilisation of linear rainforest remnants by arboreal marsupials in north Queensland, Australia. MNatRes Thesis, University of New England, Armidale, NSW, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  46. Laurance SGW, Laurance WF (1999) Tropical wildlife corridors: use of linear rainforest remnants by arboreal mammals. Biol Consery 91: 231–239CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Laurance WF (1990) Comparative responses of five arboreal marsupials to tropical forest fragmentation. J Mammal 71: 641–653CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Laurance WF (1991a) Edge effects in tropical forest fragments: application of a model for the design of nature reserves. Biol Consery 57: 205–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Laurance WF (1991b) Ecological correlates of extinction proneness in Australian tropical rain forest mammals. Consery Biol 5: 79–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Laurance WF (1994) Rainforest fragmentation and the structure of small mammal communities in tropical Queensland. Biol Consery 69: 23–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Laurance WF (1997) Hyper-disturbed parks: edge effects and the ecology of isolated rainforest reserves in tropical Australia. In: Laurance WF, Bierregaard RO Jr (eds) Tropical forest remnants: ecology, management, and conservation of fragmented communities. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp 71–83Google Scholar
  52. Laurance WF, Bierregaard RO Jr (eds) (1997) Tropical forest remnants: ecology, management and conservation of fragmented communities. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  53. Laurance WF, Gascon C (1997) How to creatively fragment a landscape. Consery Biol 11: 577–579CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Laurance WF,Yensen E (1991) Predicting the impacts of edge effects in fragmented habitats. Biol Consery 55: 77–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Laurance WF, Laurance SG, Ferreira LV et al. (1997) Biomass collapse in Amazonian forest fragments. Science 278: 1117–1118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Laurance WF, Ferreira LV, Rankin-de Merona JM, Laurance SG (1998a) Rain forest fragmentation and the dynamics of Amazonian tree communities. Ecology 79: 2032–2040CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Laurance WF, Ferreira LV, Rankin-de Merona JM et al. (1998b) Effects of forest fragmentation on recruitment patterns in Amazonian tree communities. Consery Biol 12: 460–464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Laurance WF, Gascon C, Rankin-de Merona JM (1999) Predicting effects of habitat destruction on plant communities: a test of a model using Amazonian trees. Ecol Appl 9: 548–554CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Laurance WF, Vasconcelos H, Lovejoy TE (2000) Forest loss and fragmentation in the Amazon: implications for wildlife conservation. Oryx 34: 39–45Google Scholar
  60. Lima MG, Gascon C (1999) The conservation value of linear forest remnants in central Amazonia. Biol Consery 91: 241–247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Lindenmayer DB, Nix HA (1993) Ecological principles for the design of wildlife corridors. Consery Biol 7: 627–630CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Lovejoy TE, Bierregaard RO, Rylands AB et al. (1986) Edge and other effects of isolation on Amazon forest remnants. In: Soulé ME (ed) Conservation biology: the science of scarcity and diversity. Sinauer, Sunderland, MA, pp 257–285Google Scholar
  63. Machtans CS, Villard MA, Hannon SJ (1996) Use of riparian buffer strips as movement corridors by forest birds. Consery Biol 10: 1366–1379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Malcolm JR (1994) Edge effects in central Amazonian forest fragments. Ecology 75: 2438–2445CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Malcolm JR (1997) Biomass and diversity of small mammals in Amazonian forest fragments. In: Laurance WF, Bierregaard RO Jr (eds) Tropical forest remnants: ecology, management, and conservation of fragmented communities. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp 207–221Google Scholar
  66. Mares MA, Ernest KA (1995) Population and community ecology of small mammals in a gallery forest of central Brazil. J Mammal 76: 750–768CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Martin TE (1992) Breeding productivity considerations: what are the appropriate habitat features for management? In: Hagan JM, Johnson DW (eds) Ecology and conservation of neotropical migrant landbirds. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, pp 455–473Google Scholar
  68. McComb W, McGarigal K, Anthony RG (1993) Small mammal and amphibian abundance in streamside and upslope habitats of mature Douglas-fir stands, western Oregon. Northwest Sci 67: 7–15Google Scholar
  69. Micheli F, Peterson CH (1999) Estuarine vegetated habitats as corridors for predator movements. Consery Biol 13: 869–881CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Naiman RJ, Decamps H, Pollock M (1993) The role of riparian corridors in maintaining regional biodiversity. Ecol Appl 3: 209–212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Newell GR (1999) Responses of Lumholtz’s tree-kangaroo Dendrolagus lumholtzi to loss of habitat within a tropical rainforest fragment. Biol Consery 91: 181–189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Nicholls AO, Margules CR (1991) The design of studies to demonstrate the biological importance of corridors. In: Saunders DA, Hobbs RJ (eds) Nature conservation 2: The role of corridors. Surrey Beatty, Sydney, Australia, pp 46–64Google Scholar
  73. Noss RF (1987) Corridors in real landscapes: a reply to Simberloff and Cox. Consery Biol 1: 159–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Noss RF (1991) Landscape connectivity: different functions at different scales. In: Hudson W (ed) Landscape linkages and biodiversity. Island Press, Washington, DC, pp 27–39Google Scholar
  75. Paton PWC (1994) The effect of edge on avian nest success: how strong is the evidence? Consery Biol 8: 17–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Policansky D, Magnuson JJ (1998) Genetics, metapopulations, and ecosystem management of fisheries. Ecol Appl 8 (suppl): S119–5123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Saunders DA, Hobbs RJ (eds) (1991) Nature conservation 2: the role of corridors. Surrey Beatty, Sydney, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  78. Saunders DA, de Rebeira CP (1991) Values of corridors to avian populations in a fragmented landscape. In: Saunders DA, Hobbs RJ (eds) Nature conservation 2: the role of corridors, Surrey Beatty, Sydney, Australia, pp 221–240Google Scholar
  79. Schultz CB (1998) Dispersal behavior and its implications for reserve design in a rare Oregon butterfly. Consery Biol 12: 284–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Simberloff D, Cox JA (1987) Consequences and costs of conservation corridors. Consery Biol 1: 63–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Simberloff D, Farr JA, Cox J, Mehlman DW (1992) Movement corridors: conservation bargains or poor investments? Consery Biol 6: 493–503CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. St Clair CC, Bélisle M, Desro chers A, Hannon S (1998) Winter responses of forest birds to habitat corridors and gaps. Consery Ecol 2 (13 pages, online)Google Scholar
  83. Weddell BJ (1991) Distribution and movements of Columbian ground squirrels (Sper-mophilus columbianus (Ord)): are habitat patches like islands? J Biogeogr 18: 385–394CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Wegner J, Merriam G (1979) Movement by birds and small mammals between a wood and adjoining farmland habitats. J Appl Ecol 16: 349–357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Wilcove DS (1985) Nest predation in forest tracts and the decline of migratory songbirds. Ecology 66: 1211–1214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Williams-Linera G (1990) Vegetation structure and environmental conditions of forest edges in Panama. J Ecol 78: 356–373CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Willis EO (1974) Populations and local extinctions of birds on Barro Colorado Island, Panama. Ecol Monogr 44: 153–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Wilson EO, Willis EO (1975) Applied biogeography. In: Cody ML, Diamond JM (eds) Ecology and evolution of communities. Belknap Press, Cambridge, MA, pp 522–534Google Scholar
  89. Yahner RH (1988) Changes in wildlife communities near edges. Consery Biol 2: 333–339CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. G. W. Laurance
  • W. F. Laurance

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations