Advertisement

The Subtropical Estuarine Complex of Paranaguá Bay, Brazil

  • P. C. Lana
  • E. Marone
  • R. M. Lopes
  • E. C. Machado
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 144)

Abstract

Paranaguá Bay, on the coast of Paraná State in southeastern Brazil (48°25′W, 25°30′S), is part of a large interconnected subtropical estuarine system that includes the Iguape-Cananéia Bay system on the southern coast of São Paulo State. Rather than being an estuary, Paranaguá Bay (612 km2) is best defined as an estuarine system comprised of two main water bodies, the Paranaguá and Antonina bays (260 km2) and the Laranjeiras and Pinheiros bays (200 km2). The system connects to the open sea through three tidal channels, with the main entrance area around Mel Island (152 km2; Fig. 10.1). The structural properties of the bay are typical for a marine ingression environment. Forced regressions, following sea-level maxima at approx. 120,000 and 5,100 B.P., have formed an upper and a lower geomorphologic zone, represented by a drowned, narrow paleo-valley west of Paranaguá City and by wide beach ridge plains east of Paranaguá, respectively (Angulo 1992; Angulo and Lessa 1997). An extensive coastal plain surrounds Paranaguá Bay and the upper reaches of the bay originate about 50km inland at the piedmont of the Serra do Mar mountain range. Mangrove swamps and marshes mainly fringe the interior of the system, while ocean-exposed areas adjacent to the mouth are composed of extensive sand beaches and some rocky shores (Angulo 1992).

Keywords

Salt Marsh Tidal Flat Rocky Shore Mangrove Swamp Spartina Marsh 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Andriguetto-Filho JM (1993) Institutional prospects in managing coastal environmental conservation units in Parana. State, Brazil. Coastal Zone `93, vol 1. Proc 8th Symp Coastal Ocean Manag 1993. Am Soc Civil Eng, New OrleansGoogle Scholar
  2. Andriguetto-Filho JM (1998) Interaçfies, fatores de mudança e sustentabilidade das prâticas materiais e dinâmicas ambientais nos sistemas técnicos da pesca artesanal. In: Lima RE, Negrelle RR (eds) Meio ambiente e desenvolvimento no litoral do Parana.: Diagndstico. Editora Universidade Federal do Parana, Curitiba, pp 95–105Google Scholar
  3. Andriguetto-Filho JM, Krüger AC, Lange MBR (1998) Caça, biodiversidade e gestäo ambiental na Area de Proteçäo Ambiental de Guaraqueçaba, Parana, Brasil. Biotemas 11 (2): 133–156Google Scholar
  4. Angulo RJ (1992) Geologia da planfcie costeira do Estado do Parana. PhD Thesis, Universidade de Sao Paulo, BrazilGoogle Scholar
  5. Angulo RJ, Lessa GC (1997) The Brazilian sea level curves: a critical review with empha- sis on the curves from Paranaguá and Cananéia regions. Mar Geol 140: 141–166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bigarella JJ, Becker RD, Matos DJ, Werner A (eds) (1978) A Serra do Mar e a porçäo oriental do Parana., um problema de segurança ambiental e nacional. Secretaria de Esta-do do Planejamento do Parana.Google Scholar
  7. Blankensteyn A (1994) Estrutura e anâlise experimental do funcionamento das associaçaes da macrofauna béntica do manguezal e marisma da Gamboa Perequê, Pontal do Sul, PR. DSc Thesis, Universidade Federal do Parana, BrazilGoogle Scholar
  8. Brandini FP (1985) Ecological studies in the Bay of Paranaguá. I. Horizontal distribution and seasonal dynamics of the phytoplankton. Bolm Inst Oceanogr S Paulo 33: 139–147Google Scholar
  9. Brandini FP, Fernandes LF (1996) Microalgae of the continental shelf off Parana. State, southeastern Brazil: a review of studies. Rev Bras Oceanogr S Paulo 44: 69–80Google Scholar
  10. Brandini FP, Thamm CAC (1994) Variaçbes diârias e sazonais do fitoplâncton e parâmetros ambientais na Baia de Paranaguâ. Nerftica 8: 55–72Google Scholar
  11. Brandini FP, Thamm CA, Ventura I (1988) Ecological studies in the Bay of Paranaguá. III. Seasonal and spatial variations of nutrients and chlorophyll-a. Nerftica 3: 1–30Google Scholar
  12. Corrêa MFM (1987) Levantamento e produtividade da ictiofauna da Baia de Paranaguä-Paranâ-Brasil. MSc Thesis, Universidade Federal do Parana., BrazilGoogle Scholar
  13. Couto ECG (1996) Estrutura espaço-temporal da comunidade macrobêntica da planfcie intertidal do Saco do Limoeiro-Ilha do Mel (Parana, Brasil). DSc Thesis, Universidade Federal do Parana, BrazilGoogle Scholar
  14. Cubbage FW, Andriguetto-Filho JM, Sills E, Motta M, Muller VY (1995) Legal and administrative frameworks for managing coastal environmental conservation units in the state of Parana., Brazil: a review. FPEI Working Paper 56, Southeastern Center for Forest Economics Research, Research Triangle ParkGoogle Scholar
  15. Disard ST (1995) Associaçaes de foraminfferos da Baia das Laranjeiras. MSc Thesis, Universidade Federal do Parana., BrazilGoogle Scholar
  16. Fernandes LF (1992) Variaçäo sazonal do fitoplâncton e parâmetros hidrogräficos em uma estaçäo costeira de Paranaguá.-Paraná. MSc Thesis, Universidade Federal do Paraná, BrazilGoogle Scholar
  17. FUNPAR - Fundaçäo para o Desenvolvimento Cientffico e Tecnol6gico da Universidade Federal do Paraná (1997) Estudo de impacto ambiental (EIA) de uma usina termelétrica na Bala de Paranaguâ e do Porto de desembarque, subestaçäo e linha de transmissäo associados. Companhia Paranaense de Eletricidade, technical reportGoogle Scholar
  18. Knoppers BA, Brandini FP, Thamm CA (1987) Ecological studies in the Bay of Paranaguâ. II. Some physical and chemical characteristics. Neritica 2: 1–36Google Scholar
  19. Kolm H, Giamberardino Filho RE, Kormann MC (1987) Spatial distribution and temporal variability of heterotrophic bacteria in sediments of Paranaguâ and Antonina Bays, Paraná, Brazil. Rev Microbiol 28: 230–238Google Scholar
  20. Lana PC (1986) Macrofauna bêntica de fundos sublitorais näo consolidados da Bala de Paranaguâ (Paranâ). Neritica 1 (3): 79–89Google Scholar
  21. Lana PC (ed) (1994) Diagn6stico ambiental oceânico e costeiro das regioes sul e sudeste do Brasil. Oceanografia biol6gica, vol 7. Bentos, Petrobrâs, Rio de JaneiroGoogle Scholar
  22. Lana PC (2000) Politicas pnblicas, legislaçäo ambiental e conflitos de uso: subsidios para uma gestäo integrada dos manguezais da Bala de Paranaguâ (Paranâ, Brasil). In: Lima RE, Negrelle RR (eds) O projeto PADCT-NIMAD-LITORAL: resultados finais. Editora Universidade Federal do Paranâ, Curitiba (in press)Google Scholar
  23. Lana PC, Guiss C (1991) Influence of Spartina alterniflora on structure and temporal variability of macrobenthic associations in a tidal flat of Paranaguâ Bay (southeastern Brazil). Mar Ecol Prog Ser 73: 231–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lana PC, Guiss C (1992) Macrofauna-plant biomass interactions in a euhaline salt marsh of Paranaguâ Bay ( SE Brazil ). Mar Ecol Prog Ser 80: 57–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lana PC, Guiss C, Disar6 ST (1991) Seasonal variation of biomass and production dynamics for above-and belowground components of a Spartina alterniflora marsh in a euhaline sector of Paranaguâ Bay ( SE Brazil ). Estuar Coast Shelf Sci 32: 231–241Google Scholar
  26. Lana PC, Couto ECG, Almeida MVO (1997) Polychaete distribution and abundance in intertidal flats of Paranaguâ Bay (SE Brazil). Bull Mar Sci 60 (2): 433–442Google Scholar
  27. Lessa GC, Meyers SR, Marone E (1998) Holocene stratigraphy in the Paranaguâ Bay Estuary, Southern Brazil. J Sed Res 68: 1060–1076CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lopes RM (1997) Distribuiçäo espacial,variaçäo temporal e atividade alimentar do zooplâncton no complexo estuarino de Paranaguá. PhD Thesis, Universidade Federal do Paraná, BrazilGoogle Scholar
  29. Machado EC, Daniel CB, Brandini N, Queiroz RLV (2000) Temporal and spatial dynamics of nutrients and particulate suspended matter in Paranaguâ Bay, PR, Brazil. Neritica 10 (in press)Google Scholar
  30. Marone E, Camargo R (1994) Marés meteorol6gicas no litoral do estado do Paranâ: o evento de 18 de agosto de 1993. Neritica 8 (1/2): 73–85Google Scholar
  31. Martin F (1992) Etude de l’écosystéme mangrove de la Baie de Paranaguâ (Paranâ, Bresil): analyse des impacts et propositions de gestion rationnelle. DSc Thesis, University of Paris VII, FranceGoogle Scholar
  32. Monta M, Cordeiro TA (1988) Zooplancton del complejo estuarial de la Bahia de Paranaguâ. I. Composici6n, dinâmica de las especies, ritmos reproductivos y acci6n de los factores ambientales sobre la comunidad. NerItica 3: 61–83Google Scholar
  33. Netto SA, Lana PC (1996) Benthic macrofauna of Spartina alterniflora marshes and nearby unvegetated tidal flats of Paranaguá Bay ( SE Brazil ). Neritica 10: 41–56Google Scholar
  34. Netto SA, Lana PC (1997a) Influence of Spartina alterniflora on superficial sediment characteristics of tidal flats in Paranaguá Bay ( Southeastern Brazil ). Estuar Coast Shelf Sci 44: 641–648CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Netto SA, Lana PC (1997b) Intertidal zonation of benthic macrofauna in a subtropical salt marsh and nearby unvegetated flat (SE, Brazil ). Hydrobiologia 353: 171–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Rebello J, Brandini FP (1990) Variaçäo temporal de parâmetros hidrogrâficos e material particulado em suspensäo em dois pontos fixos da Baia de Paranaguâ, Parana. (junho/87-fevereiro/88). Nerftica 5: 95–111Google Scholar
  37. Rougeulle MD (1993) La crise de la pèche artisanale: transformation de l’espace et destructuration de l’activité - le cas de Guaraqueçaba (Parana, Brésil). DSc Thesis, Université de Nantes, FranceGoogle Scholar
  38. Sessegolo GC (1997) Estrutura e produçâo de serapilheira do manguezal do Rio Ba- guaçu, Baia de Paranaguâ, PR. MSc Thesis, Universidade Federal do Parana, BrazilGoogle Scholar
  39. Sessegolo GC, Lana PC (1991) Decomposition of Rhizophora mangle, Avicennia schaueriana and Laguncularia racemosa in a mangrove of Paranaguâ Bay ( SE Brazil ). Bot Mar 34: 285–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Soares CR (1990) Natureza dos sedimentos da superficie de fundo das Bafas das Laranjeiras e de Guaraqueçaba - Complexo Estuarino da Baia de Paranaguá (Estado do Parana., Brasil). MSc thesis, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Instituto de Geociências e Ciências Exatas, 137 ppGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. C. Lana
  • E. Marone
  • R. M. Lopes
  • E. C. Machado

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations