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Fungi and Sediments

  • Eric P. Verrecchia
Chapter

Abstract

Fungi are saprophytic organisms that can form lichens in symbiosis with an alga. Along with lichens, they excrete large quantities of organic acids, contributing to rock dissolution and neoformation of crystals, mainly oxalates and carbonates. Fungi contribute to the accumulation of manganese and iron as desert varnish and play a major role in the calcium cycle inside calcretes and carbonate soils in arid zones. Fungi constitute an important part of calcified filaments found in calcretes. They are covered with calcium oxalate crystals, which can transform into calcite during early diagenesis. They can also precipitate needle-fiber calcite, a common form of CaCO3 found in soils and calcretes. Although their role has been neglected in sedimentary petrology, fungi are used in the ore industry for leaching metal and in land reclamation for dune fixation and recovering pollutants.

Keywords

Oxalic Acid Calcium Oxalate Early Diagenesis Calcium Oxalate Dihydrate Plane Polarize Light 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric P. Verrecchia
    • 1
  1. 1.U.M.R. 5561 C.N.R.S., Biogéosciences, Centre des Sciences de la TerreUniversité de BourgogneDijonFrance

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