• U. Kühn
  • K. Kubitzki
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 2)


Evergreen, rarely deciduous, often aromatic trees, seldom shrubs; dioecious, rarely monoecious. Leaves alternate, often distichous, sometime falsely whorled, occasionally with pellucid punctation, exstipulate; blades simple, entire. Hairs uniseriate, ramified, often stellate, or T-shaped. Inflorescences paniculate or fasciculate-racemose or sometimes apparently di-chasial (mostly in branching of the first order), axillary, rarely terminal; bracts mostly caducous; bracteoles present or not. Flowers small, actinomorphic, funnel-shaped, campanulate, or urceolate, yellowish-white, yellow, pink, or red, sometimes scented. Perianth uniseriate of (2−)3(−5) basally fused, often car-nose, valvate tepals. Male flowers with 2–40 stamens, their filaments partially or completely fused; anthers often united with the oblong, roundish, or claviform filamentous column, rarely free, muticous, or shortly apiculate, tetrasporangiate; the pollen sacs often septated, extrorse, seldom latrorse, opening with longitudinal slits. Female flowers monocarpellate; ovary superior, sessile or sometimes short stipitate; style distinct or absent; stigma ± bilobed; ovule one, sub-basal to basal; anatropous, rarely orthotropus or he-miorthotropous, bitegmic. Fruit a fleshy to coriacous, or ligneous capsule, opening at ventral and dorsal side. Seed-coat ligneous, covered mostly with a crustaceous to fleshy, laciniate, or entire aril. Endosperm often ruminate; embryo small.


Female Flower Male Flower Floral Anatomy Male Inflorescence Partial Inflorescence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • U. Kühn
  • K. Kubitzki

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