The modern internal combustion engine (of the year 2019) for passenger cars is no longer naturally aspirated, but uses charged air instead. This is usually realized with a turbocharger, less often with a supercharger and very rarely with an electric charger. The percentage of new cars sold with a turbocharger is rising in all major markets with a positive outlook [53].


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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Internal Combustion Engines and Automotive Engineering (IVK)University of StuttgartStuttgartGermany

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