Advertisement

The Author as Public Intellectual

Aesthetics, Political Responsibility and Paranoia in Orhan Pamuk
  • Mert Bahadır ReisoğluEmail author
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Der Artikel untersucht wie Pamuk zwischen politischer Verantwortung und künstlerischer Freiheit zu vermitteln versucht, um sich erfolgreich auf dem internationalen Literaturmarkt zu positionieren. Meine Argumentation berücksichtigt Interviews, Essays, eine Vorlesungsreihe Orhan Pamuks zur Theorie des Romans sowie die Anfang der 2000er Jahre von türkischen und internationalen Rezensent*innen geführte Diskussion seines Werks Schnee. Dies erreicht Pamuk, indem er Verschwörungsszenarien und Paranoia als literarische Motive und gleichzeitig als Rezeptionsmodi seiner Werke einsetzt. Statt die Erwartungen des internationalen Literaturmarktes und dessen Einflussnahme zu unterlaufen, spielt Pamuk mithilfe von Paranoia mit den Erwartungen der RezipientInnen und verwischt gezielt die Grenzen zwischen politischer und historischer Realität sowie der literarischen Fiktion. Schließlich ist zu bedenken, dass der Aspekt der Paranoia für die Interpretation von Pamuks Werk unerlässlich ist und sein Standpunkt gegenüber der Erzeugung konspirativer Narrative neu einzuordnen ist.

Abstract

The purpose of my article is to investigate the role of the author as public intellectual in Turkey in the early 2000s by focusing on Orhan Pamuk. By looking at his interviews, essays and lectures on the novel, as well as reviews of Snow by Turkish and international reviewers from the early 2000s, I argue that Pamuk has to negotiate between political responsibility and aesthetic playfulness in order to succeed in the international literary market. He achieves this by employing conspiracy and paranoia both as themes in his novels and modes of reading his works. Rather than criticising the expectations of the international literary market and exposing them as external constraints on his creativity, he plays with these expectations with recourse to paranoia that purposefully blurs the distinction between political and historical reality and his fiction. Finally, I argue that any interpretation of Pamuk’s work should reconsider the importance of paranoia for Pamuk and rethink its place vis-à-vis conspiratorial readings of his novels.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literaturverzeichnis

  1. Acar, Adnan. 2013. Nobel, Orhan Pamuk ve Yazarlığı. İstanbul: Doruk.Google Scholar
  2. Alver, Ahmet. 2016. New Life, Old Conspiracies: Pamuk’s Parodic Representations of Turkish Conspiratorial Logic in The New Life. Journal of European Studies. Vol. 46 (2) 99-109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ağaoğlu, Adalet. 2006. Pamuk’a çok şey borçluyuz. Radikal. 12 (12). http://www.radikal.com.tr/-yorum/pamuka-cok-sey-borcluyuz-800096/ Accessed: 25. Juni 2018.
  4. Ağaoğlu, Adalet. 2014. Geçerken. İstanbul: Everest.Google Scholar
  5. Ağaoğlu, Adalet. 2014a. Karşılaşmalar. İstanbul: Everest.Google Scholar
  6. Aksoy, Barış E. 2007. Kültür-Siyaset İlişkisi: Türk Basını’nda Orhan Pamuk’un Nobel Ödülü’nü Kazanmasının Sunumu. Unveröffentlichte Masterarbeit, Ankara Üniversitesi.Google Scholar
  7. Aldoğan, Yazgülü. 2002. Kim kimden ve niye rahatsız? http://dipnotkitap.net/ROMAN/Kar.htm, accessed: 25. Juni 2018.
  8. Alpay, Necmiye. 2002. Kar kışkırtıcı. http://dipnotkitap.net/ROMAN/Kar.htm, accessed: 25. Juni 2018.
  9. Çelikkan, Murat. 2002. İslam ve ‘Kar‘. http://dipnotkitap.net/ROMAN/Kar.htm, accessed: 25. Juni 2018.
  10. Chua-Eoan, Howard. 2006. Orhan Pamuk. Time. 08 (05). http://content.time.com/time/specials/-packages/article/0,28804,1975813_1975847_1976612,00.html, accessed: 25. Juni 2018.
  11. Doğan, Zafer. 2014. Orhan Pamuk Edebiyatında Tarih ve Kimlik Söylemi. İstanbul: İthaki Yayınları.Google Scholar
  12. Ecevit, Yıldız. 2008. Orhan Pamuk’u Okumak. İstanbul: İletişim.Google Scholar
  13. Ertürk, Nergis. 2010. Those Outside the Scene: “Snow” in the World Republic of Letters. New Literary History 41 (3): p.633-651.Google Scholar
  14. Göknar, Erdağ. 2013. Orhan Pamuk, Secularism and Blasphemy. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  15. Laçiner, Ömer. 2002. Kar’ın Perdelediği. http://dipnotkitap.net/ROMAN/Kar.htm, accessed: 25.Juni 2018.
  16. Mardin, Şerif. 2005. Center and Periphery in the Ottoman Empire. New York: Syracuse University Press.Google Scholar
  17. McGaha, Michael. 2004. The Poetry of Defiance. The Los Angeles Times, 15 (08). https://www.orhanpamuk.net/popuppage.aspx?id=97&lng=eng. Accessed: 25. Juni 2018.
  18. Özcan, Emin. 2011. La réception de Neige d’Orhan Pamuk dans la presse turque: la politique et la fiction. Roman et politique: Que peut la littérature? Hrsg. Isabelle Durand-Le Guern und Ioana Galleron, 329-338. Paris: PU Reinnes.Google Scholar
  19. Pamuk, Orhan. 1999. Öteki Renkler. İstanbul: İletişim.Google Scholar
  20. Pamuk, Orhan. 2002. Pamuk Kar’ı Anlattı. NTV. 27 (01).Google Scholar
  21. Pamuk, Orhan.2005. Orhan Pamuk and the Turkish Paradox. Der Spiegel 21 (10). http://www.spiegel.de/international/spiegel/frankfurt-book-fair-special-orhan-pamuk-and-the-turkish-paradox-a-380858.html, Accessed: 25 Juni 2018.
  22. Pamuk, Orhan.2005a. Snow. New York: Vintage.Google Scholar
  23. Pamuk, Orhan.2005b. The Turkish Trauma. Die Zeit 18 (04).Google Scholar
  24. Pamuk, Orhan.2006. My Father’s Suitcase. https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/2006/pamuk-lecture_en.html, accessed: 25 Juni 2018.
  25. Pamuk, Orhan.2007. No one drives me into exile. Der Spiegel 2 (05). http://www.spiegel.de/international/-world/spiegel-interview-with-orhan-pamuk-no-one-drives-me-into-exile-a-480550.html, accessed: 25 Juni 2018.
  26. Pamuk, Orhan. 2007a. Other Colors. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.Google Scholar
  27. Pamuk, Orhan.2008. I’m for Europe, Democracy and Freedom of Opinion. Der Spiegel 16 (10). http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/spiegel-interview-with-orhan-pamuk-i-m-foreurope-democracy-and-freedom-of-opinion-a-584586-2.html, accessed: 25. Juni 2018.
  28. Pamuk, Orhan. 2008a. Orhan Pamuk with Carol Becker.” The Brooklyn Rail 6 (02). https://brooklynrail.org/2008/02/express/orhan-pamuk-wih-carol-becker. accessed: 25. Juni 2018.
  29. Pamuk, Orhan. 2010. Manzaradan Parçalar. İstanbul: İletişim.Google Scholar
  30. Pamuk, Orhan. 2011. The Naïve and Sentimental Novelist. New York: Vintage.Google Scholar
  31. Parla, Jale. 2018. Orhan Pamuk’ta Yazıyla Kefaret. İstanbul: Yapı Kredi Yayınları.Google Scholar
  32. Rainsford, Sarah. 2006. Pride and Suspicion over Pamuk Prize. BBC 13 (10). accessed: 25. Juni 2018.Google Scholar
  33. Seyhan, Azade. 2006. Seeing through the snow. Al-Ahram Weekly. 19-25 (10).Google Scholar
  34. Tokman, Erkut. 2015. Be Humble, Notice Everything, and Be Fair. WLT. November/December. 10-13.Google Scholar
  35. Wroe, Nicholas. 2004. Occidental Hero. The Guardian, 8 (05). https://www.theguardian.com/books/2004/may/08/fiction.orhanpamuk, accessed: 25. Juni 2018

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Koç UniversityIstanbulTürkei

Personalised recommendations