Narrative Persuasion and Violent Extremism: Foundations and Implications
- 141 Downloads
Communication researchers have long-explored the ability of narratives to change the viewpoints of those that are exposed to them. Only recently, however, have terrorism researchers begun to investigate whether narratives produced by terrorist groups effectively promote terrorist ideologies. This chapter provides a brief summary of narrative persuasion, how terrorists use narratives to promote radicalization, and how terrorist narratives targeted at adolescents can be challenged.
- Bandura, A. (2004). Social cognitive theory for personal and social change by enabling media. In A. Singhal, M. J. Cody, E. M. Rogers, and M. Sabido (Eds.), Entertainment-education and social change: History, research, and practice (pp. 75–96). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
- Benmelech, E., & Klor, E. F. (2016). What explains the flow of foreign fighters to ISIS? National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper 22190. Retrieved from https://www.nber.org/papers/w22190.pdf.
- Braddock, K. (2012). Fighting words: The persuasive effect of online extremist narratives on the radicalization process (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA. Retrieved from https://etda.libraries.psu.edu/catalog/15349.
- Brehm, J. W. (1966). A theory of psychological reactance. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
- Burgoon, M., Alvaro, E., Grandpre, J., & Voulodakis, M. (2002). Revisiting the theory of psychological reactance. In J. P. Dillard and M. Pfau (Eds.), The persuasion handbook: Theory and practice (pp. 213–232). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Corman, S. R. (2011). Understanding the role of narrative as extremist strategic communication. In L. Fenstermacher and T. Leventhal (Eds.), Countering violent extremism: Scientific methods and strategies (pp. 36–43). Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/files/attachments/95226/ucounterviolentextremismfinalapprovedforpublicrelease28oct11.pdf.
- Fisher, W. R. (1987). Human communication as narration: Toward a philosophy of reason, value, and action. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press.Google Scholar
- Gates, S., & Podder, S. (2015). Social media, recruitment, allegiance and the Islamic State. Perspectives on Terrorism, 9(4), 107–116.Google Scholar
- Genette, G. (1982). Figures of literary discourse. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
- Gumbel, A., & Charles, R. G. (2012). Oklahoma City: What the investigation missed—and why it still matters. New York: William Morrow.Google Scholar
- Onega, S., & Landa, J. A. (Eds.) (2014). Narratology. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Schmidt, M. S. (2014, July 15). Canadian killed in Syria lives on as pitchman for ISIS. New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/16/world/middleeast/isis-uses-andre-poulin-a-canadian-convert-to-islam-in-recruitment-video.html.
- Shiffman, J. (2012). From abuse to a chat room, a martyr is made. Retrieved from http://graphics.thomsonreuters.com/12/12/JihadJaneAll.pdf.
- Stahelski, A. (2005). Terrorists are made, not born. Cultic Studies Review, 4, 30–40.Google Scholar