The UK (England)
For this case, the UK, England and Wales are the reference countries, because of the different legal systems and different social welfare arrangements throughout the UK as a whole. Like Harris (2004) describes it: »…it is important to recognize that it is primarily a history of social welfare in England and Wales, and not the United Kingdom as a whole. This point is worth emphasizing because, even though developments in England and Wales were often influenced by evidence drawn from throughout the United Kingdom, there were (and still are) major differences in the organization of welfare services in each of the country’s constituent parts.« (Harris 2004, xii).
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