Most construction projects involve use of a wide range of different materials. The list is very extensive, but the main ones are clearly concrete, steel, brick, wood and glass. When designing a building or structure, the planning team must decide which materials are most suitable for the design and purpose. In most commercial and industrial structures, the primary construction material is either structural steel or reinforced concrete. The use of timber tends to be restricted to residential and some smaller scale non-residential buildings. Any finished structure is a combination of a large number of individual elements. Each has a particular purpose to fulfil and requires materials with properties designed to meet the need in the most effective way.
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