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Varieties of Legislative Voting Patterns

The Impact of Majority, Minority, and Caretaker Governments
  • Michael JankowskiEmail author
  • Kamil Marcinkiewicz
Chapter
Part of the Jahrbuch für Handlungs- und Entscheidungstheorie book series (JAHAEN)

Abstract

We discuss how legislative voting patterns are affected by different types of governments. The analysis relies on a novel data set containing complete voting records of all members of the Czech Chamber of Deputies from 1996 to 2013. By employing spatial models, we analyze the positions of parties under formal minority, substantive minority, caretaker, and majority governments. In contrast to previous research, which has mainly focused on between country comparisons, our research design allows for a longitudinal analysis of voting patterns in a stable context limiting the number of potential confounders. We show that majority governments and formal minority governments are characterized by a dominance of government-opposition voting, which is in line with our theoretical expectations. In contrast, left-right differences become more relevant in times of substantive minority governments. We further specify this finding by offering a discussion of patterns observed under caretaker governments. We show that they share important characteristics with substantive minority governments. The results expand our understanding of legislative position taking and have implications for the analysis of roll-call votes in parliamentary democracies.

Keywords

Parties Coalitions Government types Legislative voting 

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fakultät für Bildungs- und SozialwissenschaftenOldenburgDeutschland
  2. 2.Fakultät für Wirtschafts- und SozialwissenschaftenHamburgDeutschland

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