East European exceptionalism as a challenge to democratization. Cultural Aspects of the Consolidation after State Socialism: A note on the peculiarities of postcommunist transformations (1997)
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Transitions to democracy after state socialism differ from earlier transitions in at least two aspects: their agenda are longer, and the repertoire of endogenous strategic orientations and widely agreed-upon goals is weaker and less unified. Hence ‘imported’ Western models become hegemonic. This chapter argues that the stable adoption of these imports, political democracy and a market economy, is contingent not just upon the ‘success’ of these institutional patterns, but, in addition, upon a widely shared sense of internal unity of the nations undergoing transformation – ultimately upon the spread of the norms and values of citizenship.
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