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East European exceptionalism as a challenge to democratization. Cultural Aspects of the Consolidation after State Socialism: A note on the peculiarities of postcommunist transformations (1997)

  • Claus OffeEmail author
Part of the Ausgewählte Schriften von Claus Offe book series (ASCO, volume 6)


Transitions to democracy after state socialism differ from earlier transitions in at least two aspects: their agenda are longer, and the repertoire of endogenous strategic orientations and widely agreed-upon goals is weaker and less unified. Hence ‘imported’ Western models become hegemonic. This chapter argues that the stable adoption of these imports, political democracy and a market economy, is contingent not just upon the ‘success’ of these institutional patterns, but, in addition, upon a widely shared sense of internal unity of the nations undergoing transformation – ultimately upon the spread of the norms and values of citizenship.


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© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Humboldt-Universität Berlin und Hertie School of GovernanceBerlinDeutschland

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