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Wachstum und Entwicklung

  • Dieter BenderEmail author
  • Michael Frenkel
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Wirtschaftshistorisch gesehen, sind anhaltendes Wachstum und damit einhergehende Verbesserungen der allgemeinen Lebensbedingungen relativ junge Phänomene (GALOR, 2011). Nach vielen Jahrhunderten wirtschaftlicher Stagnation sind sie sichtbarer Ausdruck einer Dynamik, die mit der im frühen 19. Jahrhundert beginnenden Industrialisierung eingesetzt hat und von den Innovationsschüben der „industriellen Revolution“ angefeuert wurde. Zwar gab es auch in früheren Jahrhunderten Produktions-, Einkommens- und Preisniveauschwankungen, doch waren dies weitgehend temporäre Abweichungen von stationären Gleichgewichten mit im langfristigen Durchschnitt konstanten Einkommen bei hoher Ungleichheit der Verteilung und verbreiteter Armut.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fakultät für Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Institut für Entwicklungsforschung und Entwicklungspolitik (IEE)Ruhr-Universität BochumBochumDeutschland
  2. 2.Lehrstuhl für Makroökonomik und international WirtschaftsbeziehungenWHU - Otto Beisheim School of ManagementVallendarDeutschland

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