Mixed Devices in Online Surveys: Prevalence, Determinants, and Consequences

  • Michael BosnjakEmail author
  • Robert Bauer
  • Kai W. Weyandt


One overall aim of this chapter is to identify the prevalence rates of mixed-devices (especially smartphones and tablets) in a representative online panel survey in Germany between 2014 and 2016. Moreover, demographic and psychographic determinants of device type usage for online survey participation across time are identified, along with selected consequences of device usage on nonresponse indicators, survey duration, and evaluative judgments regarding the respective surveys. We found that a substantial share of online survey participants do actually use mobile devices, and that nonresponse is most pronounced among smartphone users. We also found that smartphone users perceive surveys as longer and evaluate them less favorable compared to PC/Laptop participants. The presence of others is another characteristic associated with mobile device survey participants, representing a potential source of bias for collecting data on topics sensitive to social influences. The collection of findings presented in this chapter converge against the claim to systematically align the communication strategy, the survey fielding process, and the incentive scheme with the devices used for survey participation.


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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Bosnjak
    • 1
    Email author
  • Robert Bauer
    • 2
  • Kai W. Weyandt
    • 3
  1. 1.NeckargemündDeutschland
  2. 2.KopenhagenDänemark
  3. 3.MannheimDeutschland

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