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Die Bedeutung sozialer Identitäten und Gruppenstereotype in Bezug auf Migrationshintergrund und Geschlecht

  • Silvana WeberEmail author
  • Melanie Caroline Steffens
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Zusammenfassung

Sozialpsychologische Theorien zum Zusammenspiel sozialer Identitäten und Stereotypen können Leistungsunterschiede bei Frauen, Männern und Jugendlichen mit und ohne Migrationshintergrund erklären. Menschen identifizieren sich mit unterschiedlichen sozialen Gruppen, u. a. mit dem Geschlecht, der Herkunftskultur und der Kultur des Aufenthaltslandes. Wie stark Migrant*innen sich der jeweiligen Gruppe zugehörig fühlen, beeinflusst die schulische Leistung. Stereotype schreiben Angehörigen verschiedener Gruppen unterschiedliche Kompetenzen zu. Die Kommunikation negativer Stereotype kann zu einer Leistungsverschlechterung führen: Der sogenannte Stereotype Threat-Effekt. Jedoch ist eine differenzierte Betrachtung notwendig, da es situative Unterschiede im Zusammenspiel von sozialen Identitäten und Stereotypen gibt. Durch gezielte Interventionen kann zwar dem Stereotype Threat-Effekt entgegengewirkt werden, trotzdem stellt er eine psychologische Hürde auf dem Weg zur Chancengleichheit dar.

Schlüsselwörter

Ethnische Stereotype Geschlechterstereotype Kulturelle Identität Chancengleichheit Leistung Stereotype Threat 

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut Mensch-Computer-MedienUniversität WürzburgWürzburgDeutschland
  2. 2.FB 8 – PsychologieUniversität Koblenz-LandauLandau in der PfalzDeutschland

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