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Kryosphären des Kapitals

Zur urbanen Topologie des gekühlten Lebens
  • Stefan Höhne
Chapter
Part of the Technikzukünfte, Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft / Futures of Technology, Science and Society book series (TEWG)

Zusammenfassung

Mit der Ausbreitung von Technologien des Kühlens und Gefrierens etabliert sich im 19. Jahrhundert eine neue räumliche Konfiguration: Die Kryosphäre. Die klimakontrollierten Umwelten erweisen sich dabei nicht nur als entscheidende Faktoren kapitalistischer Industrialisierung, Kolonialisierung und Urbanisierung. Sie durchdringen zudem immer mehr Bereiche des Alltags: Von Wohnen, Arbeit und Freizeit bis hin zu Mobilität und Ernährung. Längst sind die Territorien und Techniken künstlicher Kälte zu einem konstitutiven Element moderner Gesellschaften geworden. Dieser Aufsatz rekonstruiert die historischen Dynamiken, die zur Entfaltung der Kryosphäre seit der Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts geführt haben. Er führt uns über die Sümpfe Floridas, die Schlachthöfe Chicagos und Fabriken New Yorks hin zur planetaren Durchsetzung klimakontrollierter urbaner Räume im späten 20. Jahrhundert. Dabei zeigt sich, dass sich in der Durchsetzung dieser Territorien und Netzwerke der Kälte ein neues Dispositiv der Kryopolitik formiert. In der Schaffung wohltemperierter Körper zielt es darauf ab, die Produktivität und Vitalität der Bevölkerung zu steigern. Zugleich etablieren sich insbesondere an den Rändern der Kryosphäre neue Formen sozio-ökonomischer Ungleichheit und Exklusion.

Schlagworte

Macht Raum Technik Kryosphäre 

Abstract

With the spread of technologies for cooling and freezing, a new spatial configuration established itself in the 19th century: the cryosphere. The climate-controlled environments were not only crucial factors for capitalistic industrialization, colonization, and urbanization. They also permeated increasingly more areas of daily life; these ranged from living, working, and recreation through to mobility and nutrition. The territories and technologies of artificial cooling have long since become a constitutive element of modern societies. This contribution reconstructs the historical dynamics that led to the development of the cryosphere since the middle of the 19th century. It takes us from the swamps of Florida to the slaughterhouses of Chicago and the factories of New York up to the planetary implementation of climate-controlled urban spaces in the late 20th century. Thereby, it becomes evident that a new dispositive of cryopolitics has been formed through the establishment of these territories and networks of cooling. By creating well-tempered bodies, it aims at increasing the productivity and vitality of the population. At the same time, new forms of inequality and exclusion have established themselves, particularly at the borders of the cryosphere.

Keywords

Power Space Technology Cryosphere 

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.TU Berlin/NYUBerlinDeutschland

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