HR-Exzellenz pp 375-406 | Cite as

Positive und negative Effekte der Selbststeuerung auf psychische Gesundheit und Motivation

  • Stefan Diestel
  • Wladislaw Rivkin
  • Klaus-Helmut Schmidt
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Turbulente Entwicklungen, globale Krisen und sich dynamisch verändernde Systeme stellen hohe Anforderungen an die Selbststeuerungsfähigkeit von Mitarbeitern und Führungskräften in nahezu allen Tätigkeitssphären. Hieraus resultieren teilweise drastische Fehlzeitenanstiege, die im Zusammenhang mit starken Erschöpfungs- und Depressionssymptomen stehen. Das vorliegende Kapitel ist den Prozessen der Selbststeuerung als psychischer Mechanismus von zielbezogener Tätigkeit in modernen Arbeitswelten gewidmet.

In Anlehnung an die Persönlichkeitssysteminteraktionstheorie unterscheiden wir zwischen zwei Formen der Selbststeuerung: willentliche Selbstkontrolle und autonome Selbstregulation. Hierbei werden die negativen Folgen von unterschiedlichen Anforderungen an die willentliche Selbstkontrolle (Emotionsarbeit, Impuls-, Aufmerksamkeits- und Motivationskontrolle, berufliche Smartphone-Nutzung außerhalb der Arbeitszeit) für die psychische Gesundheit und Leistungsfähigkeit thematisiert. Ferner liefert der Beitrag Einblicke in die positiven Wirkungen von autonomer Selbstregulation auf Motivation, Gesundheit sowie Leistungsfähigkeit und stellt anschließend die Selbstkontrollfähigkeit als personenbezogenen Einflussfaktor dar, der sich über Trainingsprogramme ausbauen lässt. Der Beitrag schließt mit einer kritischen Reflexion der in der Praxis sowie Forschung dominierenden Sichtweisen auf Selbststeuerung sowie einer Darstellung der Einflüsse von Mindsets auf Selbststeuerung und der Implikationen für das Human-Resource-Management.

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefan Diestel
    • 1
  • Wladislaw Rivkin
    • 2
  • Klaus-Helmut Schmidt
    • 2
  1. 1.Kienbaum Institut @ ISM für Leadership & TransformationDortmundDeutschland
  2. 2.Leibniz Institut für Arbeitsforschung an der TU Dortmund (IfADo)DortmundDeutschland

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