Empirische Deliberationsforschung

Chapter

Zusammenfassung

„Wir Mitglieder im Sonderausschuss […] haben wirklich vorurteilsfrei die Argumente des jeweils anders Denkenden abgewogen, und wir haben miteinander um den besten Weg zum Schutz des ungeborenen Lebens gerungen“ (Bundestag, 25. Juni 1992). Diese Aussage der deutschen FDP-Politikerin Uta Würfel, die im Kontext der deutschen Abtreibungsdebatte Anfang der 1990er Jahre erfolgt ist, umreißt den Grundgedanken deliberativen Handelns sehr schön: Nicht Macht und Interessen, sondern gute Argumente sollten im Zentrum politischer Auseinandersetzungen – und insbesondere moralischer Fragen wie Abtreibung – stehen.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. Austin, John L. (1972): Zur Theorie der Sprechakte. Stuttgart: Reclam.Google Scholar
  2. Bächtiger, André (2005): The Real World of Deliberation a Comparative Study of Its Favourable Conditions in Legislatures. Berner Studien zur Politikwissenschaft. Bern: Haupt Verlag.Google Scholar
  3. Bächtiger, André/ Steiner, Jürg (2005): Introduction. Acta Politi 40(2), 153–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bächtiger, André et al. (2010) Disentangling Diversity in Deliberative Democracy: Competing Theories, Their Blind Spots and Complementarities. In: Journal of Political Philosophy 18, 32–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bächtiger, André/ Hangartner, Dominik (2010): When Deliberative Theory Meets Empirical Political Science: Theoretical and Methodological Challenges in Political Deliberation. In: Political Studies 58: 609–629.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bächtiger, André/ Wyss, Dominik (2013): Empirische Deliberationsforschung – ein systematischer Überblick. In: Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Politikwissenschaft 7(2), 155–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bächtiger, André/ Wegmann, Alda (2014): Scaling up Deliberation. In: Elstub, Stephen/ McLaverty, Peter (eds.) Deliberative Democracy: Issues and Cases. Edinburgh University Press (i.E.).Google Scholar
  8. Barabas, Jason (2004): How Deliberation Affects Policy Opinions. In: American Political Science Review 98, 687–701.Google Scholar
  9. Caluwaerts, Didier (2012): Confrontation and Communication: Deliberative Democracy in Divided Belgium. Bruxelles: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  10. Chambers, Simone (2009): Rhetoric and the Public Sphere Has Deliberative Democracy Abandoned Mass Democracy? In: Political Theory 37(3), 323–350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Chambers, Simone (2013): The Many Faces of Good Citizenship. In: Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 25(2), 199–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Cohen, Joshua (1989): Deliberation and democratic legitimacy. In: Hamlin, Alan/ Pettit, Philip (eds). The Good Polity. Oxford: Blackwell, 67–92.Google Scholar
  13. Coppedge, Michael/ Gerring, John (2011): Conceptualizing and Measuring Democracy: A New Approach. In: Perspectives on Politics 9(2), 247–267.Google Scholar
  14. Deitelhoff, Nicole/ Müller, Harald (2005): Theoretical paradise – empirically lost? Arguing with Habermas. Review of International Studies 31, 167–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Deitelhoff, Nicole (2006): Überzeugung in der Politik: Grundzüge einer Diskurstheorie internationalen Regierens. Frankfurt a. M.: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  16. – (2007): Was vom Tage übrig blieb: Inseln der Überzeugung im vermachteten Alltagsgeschäft internationalen Regierens. In: Niesen, Peter/ Herborth, Benjamin (Hrsg.): Anarchie der kommunikativen Freiheit. Jürgen Habermas und die Theorie der Internationalen Politik. Frankfurt a. M.: Suhrkamp, 26–56.Google Scholar
  17. Dryzek, John S. (2010): Rhetoric in Democracy: A Systemic Appreciation. In: Political Theory 38(3), 319–339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Dryzek, John S./ List, Christian (2003): „Social Choice Theory and Deliberative Democracy: A Reconciliation“. In: British Journal of Political Science 33(1): 1–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Dryzek, John S./ Niemeyer, Simon (2006): Reconciling Pluralism and Consensus as Political Ideals. In: American Journal of Political Science 50(3), 634–649.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Dryzek, John S./ Niemeyer, Simon (2010): Foundations and Frontiers of Deliberative Governance. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Esterling, Kevin M. (2011): „Deliberative Disagreement“ in US Health Policy Committee Hearings. In: Legislative Studies Quarterly 36(2), 169–198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Fearon, James D. (1998): Deliberation as Discussion. In: Elster, Jon (ed.). Deliberative Democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 44–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Fishkin, James S. (1995): The Voice of the People: Public Opinion and Democracy. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  24. – (2009): When the People Speak: Deliberative Democracy and Public Consultation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  25. Fishkin, James S./ Luskin, Robert C. (2005): Experimenting with a Democratic Ideal: Deliberative Polling and Public Opinion. In: Acta Politica 40(3): 284–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Fishkin, James et al. (2010): Deliberative Democracy in an Unlikely Place: Deliberative Polling in China. In: British Journal of Political Science 40(2), 435–448.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Fung, Archon (2005): Deliberation before the Revolution: Toward an Ethics of Deliberative Democracy in an Unjust World. In: Political Theory 33(2), 397–419.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Gastil, John/ Knobloch, K. (2011): Evaluation Report to the Oregon State Legislature on the 2010 Oregon Citizens’ Initiative Review. Department of Communication, University of Washington.Google Scholar
  29. Gerber, Marlène et al. (2012): Deliberative Abilities of Ordinary Citizens: Evidence from a Transnational Deliberative Poll (Europolis).Google Scholar
  30. Goeree, Jacob K./ Yariv, Leeat (2011): An Experimental Study of Collective Deliberation. In: Econometrica 79(3), 893–921.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Goodin, Robert E. (2005): Sequencing Deliberative Moments. In: Acta Politica 40, 182–196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Gutmann, Amy/ Thompson, Dennis F. (1996): Democracy and Disagreement. Cambridge/Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  33. Habermas, Jürgen (1981): Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns. Bd. 1 und 2. Frankfurt a. M.: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  34. – (1983): Moralbewußtsein und kommunikatives Handeln. Frankfurt a. M.: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  35. – (2005): Concluding Comments on Empirical Approaches to Deliberative Politics. In: Acta Politica 40(3), 384–392.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. – (2007): Kommunikative Rationalität und grenzüberschreitende Politik: Eine Replik. In: Niesen, Peter/Herborth, Benjamin (Hrsg.): Anarchie der kommunikativen Freiheit: JürgenGoogle Scholar
  37. Habermas und die Theorie der internationalen Politik. Frankfurt a. M.: Suhrkamp, 406–459.Google Scholar
  38. Hangartner, Dominik et al. (2007): Mixing Habermas with Bayes: Methodological and Theoretical Advances in the Study of Deliberation. In: Swiss Political Science Review 13(4), 607–644.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Holzinger, Katharina (2001): Kommunikationsmodi und Handlungstypen in den internationalen Beziehungen. Anmerkungen zu einigen irreführenden Dichotomien. In: Zeitschrift für Internationale Beziehungen 8(2), 243–286.Google Scholar
  40. Hüller, Thorsten (2010): Playground or Democratisation? New Participatory Procedures at the European Commission. In: Swiss Political Science Review 16(1), 77–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Karpowitz, Christopher F./ Mendelberg, Tali (2007): Groups and Deliberation. In: Swiss Political Science Review 13(4), 645–662.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Karpowitz, Christopher F./ Mendelberg, Tali/ Shaker, Lee (2012): Gender Inequality in Deliberative Participation. In: American Political Science Review 106(3), 533–547.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Knight, Jack/ Johnson, James (1994): Aggregation and deliberation: On the possibility of democratic legitimacy. In: Political Theory 22(2), 277–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Lafont, Cristina (i. E.): Deliberation, Participation and Democratic Legitimacy: Should Deliberative Mini-publics shape Public Policy? In: Journal of Political Philosophy.Google Scholar
  45. Landwehr, Claudia (2012): Demokratische Legitimation durch rationale Kommunikation. Theorien deliberativer Demokratie. In: Lembcke, Oliver W./ Ritzi, Claudia, Schaal, Gary S. (Hrsg.): Zeitgenössische Demokratietheorie. Bd. 1: Normative Demokratietheorien. Wiesbaden: Springer VS, 355–385.Google Scholar
  46. Landwehr, Claudia/ Holzinger, Katharina (2010): Institutional Determinants of Deliberative Interaction. In: European Political Science Review 2(3), 373–400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Lupia, Artur/ McCubbins, Mathiew D. (1998): The Democratic Dilemma. Can Citizens Learn What They Need to Know? Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  48. Luskin, Robert C./ Fishkin, James S./ Jowell, Roger (2002): Considered Opinions: Deliberative Polling in Britain. In: British Journal of Political Science 32(3), 455–487.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. MacKenzie, Michael/ Warren, Mark E. (2012): Two trust-based uses of minipublics in democratic systems. In: Parkinson, John/ Mansbridge, Jane (eds.). Deliberative Systems: Deliberative Democracy at the Large Scale. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  50. McLean et al. (2000): „Does Deliberation Induce Preference Structuration? Evidence from Deliberative Opinion Polls.“ Paper presented at the American Political Science Association meeting, August 30-September 4, 2000, Washington DC.Google Scholar
  51. Mansbridge, Jane (2009): A „Selection Model“ of Political Representation. In: The Journal of Political Philosophy 17 (4), 369–389.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Mansbridge, Jane et al. (2010): The Place of Self-interest and the Role of Power in Deliberative Democracy. In: Journal of Political Philosophy 18(1), 64–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Mansbridge, Jane et al. (2012): A Systemic Approach to Deliberative Democracy. In Parkinson, John/ Mansbridge, Jane (eds.). Deliberative Systems: Deliberative Democracy at the Large Scale. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Mackie, Gerry (1998): All Men Are Liars: Is Democracy Meaningless? In: Elster, Jon (ed.). Deliberative Democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 69–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Markovits, Elizabeth (2006): The Trouble with Being Earnest: Deliberative Democracy and the Sincerity Norm. In: Journal of Political Philosophy 14(3), 249–269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Mendelberg, Tali (2002): The Deliberative Citizen: Theory and Evidence. In: Delli Carpini, Michael X./ Huddy, Leonie/ Shapiro, Robert Y. (Hrsg.): Political Decision-making, Deliberation and Participation: Research in Micropolitics. Greenwich: JAI Press, 151–193.Google Scholar
  57. Müller, Harald (1994): Internationale Beziehungen als kommunikatives Handeln. Zur Kritik der utilitaristischen Handlungstheorien. In: Zeitschrift für internationale Beziehungen, 15–44.Google Scholar
  58. – (2007): Internationale Verhandlungen, Argumente und Verständigungshandeln. Verteidigung, Befunde, Warnung. In: Niesen, Peter/ Herborth, Benjamin (Hrsg.): Anarchie der kommunikativen Freiheit. Jürgen Habermas und die Theorie der Internationalen Politik. Frankfurt a. M.: Suhrkamp, 199–223.Google Scholar
  59. Mutz, Diana C. (2008): Is Deliberative Democracy a Falsifiable Theory? In: Annual Review of Political Science 11(1), 521–538.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Naurin, Daniel (2007): Why Give Reason? Measuring Arguing and Bargaining in Survey Research. In: Swiss Political Science Review 13(4), 559–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Naurin, Daniel (2010): Most Common When Least Important: Deliberation in the European Union Council of Ministers. In: British Journal of Political Science 40(1), 31–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Neblo Michael A. (2007): Change for the Better? Linking the Mechanisms of Deliberative Opinion Change to Normative Theory. Unter: http://politicalscience.osu.edu/faculty/mneblo/papers/ChangeC4.pdf [27.1.2014].
  63. Niemeyer, Simon/ Dryzek, John S. (2007): The Ends of Deliberation: Meta-consensus and Inter-subjective Rationality as Ideal Outcomes. In: Swiss Political Science Review 13(4), 497–526CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Owen, David/ Smith, Graham (2013): Deliberative Systems and the Ideal of Deliberative Democracy. Manuskript.Google Scholar
  65. Panke, Diana (2006) More Arguing Than Bargaining? The Institutional Designs of the European Convention and Intergovernmental Conferences Compared. In: Journal of European Integration 28(4), 357–379.Google Scholar
  66. Parkinson, John (2006): Deliberating in the Real World: Problems of Legitimacy in Deliberative Democracy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Parkinson, John R./ Mansbridge, Jane J. (2012): Deliberative Systems: Deliberative Democracy at the Large Scale. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Pateman, Carole (2012): Participatory Democracy Revisited. In: Perspectives on Politics 10(1), 7–19.Google Scholar
  69. Pedrini, Seraina/ Bächtiger, André/ Steenbergen, Marco R. (2013): Deliberative Inclusion of Minorities: Patterns of Reciprocity among Linguistic Groups in Switzerland. In: European Political Science Review 5(3), 483–512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Pedrini, Seraina (2014): Deliberative Capacity in the Political and Civic Sphere. In: Swiss Political Science Review (i.E.).Google Scholar
  71. Przeworski, Adam (1991): Democracy and the Market: Political and Economic Reforms in Eastern Europe and Latin America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Pincione, Guido/ Teson, Fernando R. (2006): Rational Choice and Democratic Deliberation: A Theory of Discourse Failure. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Polletta, Francesca/ Lee, John (2006): Is Telling Stories Good for Democracy? Rhetoric in Public Deliberation after 9/11. In: American Sociological Review 71(5), 699–723.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Risse, Thomas (2000): Let’s Argue! Communicative Action in World Politics. In: International Organization 54(1), 1–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. – (2007): Global Governance und kommunikatives Handeln. In: Niesen, Peter/ Herborth, Benjamin (Hrsg.): Anarchie der kommunikativen Freiheit. Jürgen Habermas und die Theorie der Internationalen Politik. Frankfurt a. M.: Suhrkamp, 57–86.Google Scholar
  76. Roger, Léa/ Schaal, Gary S. (2013): The Quality of Deliberation in Two Committees of the European Parliament: The Neglected Influence of the Situational Context and the Policymaking Stage. In: Politics & Governance 1(2), 151–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Ryfe, David M. (2005): Does Deliberative Democracy Work? In: Annual Review of Political Science 8, 49–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Sanders, Lynn M. (1997): Against Deliberation. In: Political Theory 25(3), 347–376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Saretzki, Thomas (2007): Argumentieren, Verhandeln und Strategie. Theoretische Referenzen, begriffliche Unterscheidungen und empirische Studien Zu Arguing und Bargaining in der internationalen Politik. In: Niesen, Peter/ Herborth, Benjamin (Hrsg.): Anarchie der kommunikativen Freiheit. Jürgen Habermas und die Theorie der Internationalen Politik. Frankfurt a. M.: Suhrkamp, 111–146.Google Scholar
  80. Schaal, Gary S./ Ritzi, Claudia (2009): Empirische Deliberationsforschung. MPIfG Working Paper 09/9. Köln: Max-Planck-Institut für Gesellschaftsforschung.Google Scholar
  81. Schmalz-Bruns, Rainer (1995): Die Theorie kommunikativen Handelns – eine Flaschenpost? Anmerkungen zur jüngsten Theoriedebatte in den internationalen Beziehungen. In: Zeitschrift für Internationale Beziehungen 2(2), 347–370.Google Scholar
  82. Schmidt, Manfred G. (2010) Demokratietheorien. Eine Einführung. 5. Aufl. Wiesbaden: VS. Schneider, Gerald (2008): De Deliberatibus Disputandum Est: A Response to Jürg Steiner. European Political Science 7 (2), 199–206.Google Scholar
  83. Schweiger, David M./ Sandberg, William R./ Ragan, James W. (1986): Group Approaches for Improving Strategic Decision Making: A Comparative Analysis of Dialectical Inquiry, Devil’s Advocacy, and Consensus. In: The Academy of Management Journal 29, 51–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Searle, John R. (1971): Sprechakte: Ein sprachphilosophischer Essay. Frankfurt a. M. Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  85. Shapiro, Ian (1999): Enough of Deliberation: Politics Is about Interests and Power. In: Macedo, Stephen (Hrsg.): Deliberative Politics: Essays on Democracy and Disagreement. New York: Oxford University Press, 28–38.Google Scholar
  86. Spörndli, Markus (2004): Diskurs und Entscheidung: Eine empirische Analyse kommunikativen Handelns im deutschen Vermittlungsausschuss. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften. Steenbergen, Marco R./Bächtiger, André/Spörndli, Markus/Steiner, Jürg (2003): Measuring Political Deliberation: A Discourse Quality Index. In: Comparative European Politics 1(1), 21–48.Google Scholar
  87. Steiner, Jürg et al. (2004): Deliberative Politics in Action: Analyzing Parliamentary Discourse. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  88. Sunstein, Cass R. (2002): The Law of Group Polarization. In: Journal of Political Philosophy 10(2), 175–195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Thompson, Dennis F. (2008): Deliberative Democratic Theory and Empirical Political Science. In: Annual Review of Political Science 11(1), 497–520.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Ulbert, Cornelia/Risse, Thomas (2005): Deliberately Changing the Discourse: What Does Make Arguing Effective? In: Acta Politica 40(3), 351–367.Google Scholar
  91. Warren, Mark E./ He, Baogang (2012): Authoritarian Deliberation: The Deliberative Turn in Chinese Political Development. In: Perspectives on Politics 9(2), 269–289.Google Scholar
  92. Warren, Mark E./ Mansbridge, Jane (2013): Negotiating Agreement in Politics: Report of the Task Force on Negotiating Agreement in Politics, December 2013.Google Scholar
  93. Weale, Albert/ Bicquelet, Aude/ Bara, Judith (2012): Debating Abortion, Deliberative Reciprocity and Parliamentary Advocacy. In: Political Studies 60(3), 643–667.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Williams, Melissa S. (1998): Voice, Trust, and Memory: Marginalized Groups and the Failings of Liberal Representation. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  95. Young, Iris Marion (2002): Inclusion and Democracy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Politikwissenschaftliches SeminarUniversität LuzernLuzernSchweiz

Personalised recommendations