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The Basic Difference in Constitution between the Mammalian X and the Drosophila X

  • Susumu Ohno
Part of the Monographs on Endocrinology book series (ENDOCRINOLOGY, volume 1)

Abstract

During the course of evolution progressive genetic deterioration occurred to the Y-chromosome. As a result, the Y-chromosome of placental mammals became a highly specialized male-determiner, having but one function namely to induce the indifferent embryonic gonad to develop as testis. The consequence of this specialization by the Y was that almost all of the original Mendelian genes which had been maintained by the X-chromosome, had to accommodate themselves to a hemizygous existence in the heterogametic male sex. The hemizygous existence for all the genes on the X should be very perilous since monosomy for even the smallest autosome (only one-fourth the size of the X) is apparently lethal in man.

Keywords

Interphase Nucleus Placental Mammal Dosage Compensation Meiotic Prophase Heterochromatic Region 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1966

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susumu Ohno
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyCity of Hope MedicalDuarteUSA

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