Experimental and Fossil Evidence for the Evolution of Tetrapod Bioenergetics

  • Robert T. Bakker
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 12)


Tetrapod evolution is the story of the interaction of individuals and populations with their primary producers, competitors, prey, and predators, all armed with various levels of metabolism and thermoregulatory mechanisms, within the environmental context of continents constantly fragmenting and coalescing as lithospheric plates rift, collide, or glide past one another, throwing up mountain ranges and continually changing the pattern of continental climates. The fossil record gives direct evidence of bioenergetic strategies in extinct organisms: functional morphology can identify adaptations for respiration, locomotor activity, and food processing; community paleoecology can interpret predator—prey ratios as gauges of the rate of energy consumption by the predators. Climate also leaves its mark in the rocks: cycles of wind, rainfall, and temperature govern the texture and geometry of sediments, the oxidation state of iron compounds, and the character of clay minerals.


Energy Budget Standing Crop Aerobic Exercise Metabolism Bony Fish Equable Climate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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