Advertisement

Requirement for, and Design of, an Operations Control System for Railways

  • Leena Suhl
  • Taïeb Mellouli
Part of the Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems book series (LNE, volume 471)

Abstract

In this paper, we discuss computer-based systems that support operations control for railways. Specifically, we focus on the design of decision support tools for dispatchers. We have studied requirements of systems supporting operations control processes from the expert/user point of view for the German railway, “Deutsche Bahn AG.” The main goal is to help dispatchers ensure passenger traffic with the best possible quality in a dense network with more than 30,000 trips daily. We suggest that such a computer-based system must support the dispatcher in recognizing forthcoming conflicts as early as possible, rescheduling of passenger connections taking into account customers’ acceptance and cost, and reallocating vehicles/crews in a convenient way.

We represent a knowledge-based, object-oriented system architecture that includes components for information management, simulation, and optimization. Besides the scheduled state of a transportation system, our model also covers the actual (until now) and expected (in the future) states. The decision support system automatically recognizes conflict situations, such as missed passenger connections due to trains being delayed. What-if analyses can be performed to support the estimation of network-wide effects of a dispatcher’s decision. Expert’s knowledge rating possible decisions may be formalized and stored in the system to help in generating later decision proposals. Remote Java-based clients provide service point employees and passengers with station overviews and alternative connections based on the actual state of the network. Vehicle rescheduling is currently in progress.

Keywords

Decision Support Tool Conflict Situation Schedule State Operation Control Crew Schedule 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Suhl, L. (1995): Computer-aided scheduling: An Airline Perspective. (Gabler-DUV) Wiesbaden.Google Scholar
  2. Suhl, L./Mellouli, T. (1997): Supporting planning and operation time control in transportation systems, in: Operations Research Proceedings 1996, 374–379. (Springer) Heidelberg.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Mellouli, T. (1997a): Improving vehicle scheduling support by efficient algorithms, in: Operations Research Proceedings 1996, 307–312. (Springer) Heidelberg.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Mellouli, T. (1997b): A network flow model for vehicle scheduling applied to maintenance for airlines and railways. Presented at the seventh international workshop on Computer-Aided Scheduling of Public Transport. MIT, Boston.Google Scholar
  5. Goecke, J. (1996): Entwicklung eines graphisch-interaktiven Systems zur Unterstützung der netz weiten Konfliktlösung bei Zugverspätungen der Deutschen Bahn AG. Diploma thesis. Decision Support & OR Laboratory. University of Paderborn.Google Scholar
  6. Kopp, A. (1998): Vehicle rescheduling with application to railways. Diploma thesis in progress. Decision Support & OR Laboratory. University of Paderborn.Google Scholar
  7. Stelbrink, M. (1998): Konzeption und prototypische Implementierung eines verteilten, echtzeit-basierten Kundeninformationssystems bei der Deutschen Bahn AG unter Verwendung von Intranet-Technologie. Diploma thesis. Decision Support & OR Laboratory. University of Paderborn.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leena Suhl
    • 1
  • Taïeb Mellouli
    • 1
  1. 1.Decision Support & OR Laboratory, Department of Business ComputingUniversity of PaderbornGermany

Personalised recommendations