Coherent Raman Spectroscopy

  • M. D. Levenson
  • J. J. Song
Part of the Topics in Current Physics book series (TCPHY, volume 21)

Abstract

The theory, practice and applications of Coherent Raman Spectroscopy are comprehensively reviewed. In addition to the now standard Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy (CARS) technique, related methods such as Raman Induced Kerr Effect Spectroscopy (RIKES), Stimulated Raman Spectroscopy (SRS) and four-wave mixing are presented in detail. An extended two-level model is employed to calculate the nonlinear polarization and third-order nonlinear susceptibility in the cases where one-photon resonances are unimportant, and the results from a complete four-level density matrix treatment are quoted for the resonant case. Also included are discussions of symmetry and focusing geometries applicable to isotropic samples and to both centrosymmetric and accentric crystals. A general formulation of signal-to-noise considerations allows a comparison of the various techniques and configurations. Applications for which the coherent Raman techniques are superior to spontaneous scattering are emphasized with citations to the pre-1979 literature.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. D. Levenson
  • J. J. Song

There are no affiliations available

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