Somatic Embryogenesis and Synthetic Seed II

Volume 31 of the series Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry pp 117-124

Somatic Embryogenesis in Asparagus

  • A. LeviAffiliated withFruit Laboratory, BARC-West, USDA-ARS, PSI
  • , K. C. SinkAffiliated withDepartment of Horticulture, Michigan State University

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The genus Asparagus belongs to the family Liliaceae, and is comprised of about 150–300 herbaceous and woody perennial species spread throughout the temperate and tropical regions of the world (Lawrence 1982). Among these species Asparagus officinalis L. is the most well-known edible, and is considered one of the oldest garden vegetable plants (Luzny 1979). It is an European-Siberian continental plant which belongs to the northeast Mediterranean vegetation gene center (Luzny 1979), where it is well adapted to sandy soils. Asparagus is widely distributed and grown as a high-value crop in different parts of the world.