Preconcentration of Refractory Elements for Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Fluorescence Spectrometry

Conference paper
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 23)


Modern civilisation is now dependent on the large-scale use of a wide range of metals and most of these are naturally present only at trace levels in the biosphere and in biological material. The ability to analyse for trace elements is a pre-requisite for metal speciation studies. Many such studies are concerned with environmental samples including solid waste, waste water, drinking water, atmospheric particulates, particulates from emission sources, and also plant, food and animal tissue.


Inductively Couple Plasma Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry Atomic Fluorescence Spectrometry Refractory Element Inductively Couple Plasma Optical Emission 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of TechnologyLoughborough, LeicestershireUK

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