Medicinal and Aromatic Plants II

Volume 7 of the series Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry pp 47-68

Basella alba L.: In Vitro Culture and the Production of Betalains

  • E. CyunelAffiliated withDepartment of Pharmaceutical Botany, Nicolaus Copernicus Medical Academy

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Basella alba L. belongs to the family Basellaceae, the order Centrospermae. The plants belonging to Centrospermae contain specific pigments: red-violet betacyanins and yellow betaxanthins, which have a common name, betalains. The occurrence of betalains is restricted to ten families of this order. The remaining families contain exclusively anthocyanins.