Advertisement

Taste pp 102-115 | Cite as

The Recording of the Electrical Response from Human Taste Nerves

  • Yngve Zotterman
Part of the Handbook of Sensory Physiology book series (SENSORY, volume 4 / 2)

Abstract

The first attempts to record the electrical gustatory response of man were made in order to solve the problem whether man like the monkey and many other species has gustatory fibers responding positively to water. By a freak of nature the gustatory fibers from the anterior tongue leave the lingual nerve trunk and run through a bone channel into the middle ear where it is often exposed during otological operations. The first experiments to place leads on the chorda tympani during middle ear surgery were made during the years 1956–1957 in Söder-sjukhuset, Stockholm by Åhlander and the author. In two out of ten cases very weak signals were obtained in response to cold and gustatory stimulation of the tongue. The responses were just feebly audible in the loudspeaker and could not be recorded.

Keywords

Citric Acid Neural Response Electrical Response Sweet Taste Taste Quality 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Andersen, H. T., Funakoshi, M., Zotterman, Y.: Electrophysiological investigation of the gustatory effect of various biological sugars. Acta physiol. scand. 56, 362–375 (1962).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Andersson, B., Landgren, S., Olsson, L., Zotterman, Y.: The sweet taste fibres of the dog. Acta physiol. scand. 21, 105–119 (1950).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Beidler, L. M.: Properties of chemoreceptors of tongue of rat. J. Neurophysiol. 16, 595–607 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Borg, G., Diamant, H., Ström, L., Zotterman, Y.: A comparative study of neural and psychophysical responses to gustatory stimuli. In: Second symposium on olfaction and taste. Oxford: Permagon Press 1967a.Google Scholar
  5. Borg, G., Diamant, H., Ström, L., Zotterman, Y.: Neural and psychophysical responses to gustatory stimuli (1967b). In: Skin senses. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C. Thomas 1968.Google Scholar
  6. (.
    Borg, G., Diamant, H., Ström, L., Zotterman, Y.: The relation between neural and perceptual intensity: a comparative study on the neural and perceptual intensity: a comparative study on the neural and psychophysical response to taste stimuli. J. Physiol. (Lond.) 192, 13–20 1967c).Google Scholar
  7. Bujas, Z.: L’adaptation gustative et son mécanisme. Acta Inst. Psychol. Univ. Zagreb 17, 1–10 (1953).Google Scholar
  8. Diamant, H., Funakoshi, M., Ström, L., Zotterman, Y.: Electrophysiological studies on human taste nerves. In: Olfaction and taste I. Oxford: Pergamon Press 1963.Google Scholar
  9. Diamant, H., Oakley, B., Ström, L., Wells, C., Zotterman, Y.: A comparison of neural and psychophysical responses to taste stimuli in man. Acta physiol. scand. 64, 67–74 (1965).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Diamant, H., Zotterman, Y.: Has water a specific taste? Nature (Lond.) 183, 191–192 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Döving, K.: Studies of the relation between the frog’s electro-olfactogram (EOG) and single unit activity in the olfactory bulb. Acta physiol. scand. 60, 150–163 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ekman, G.: Methodological note on scales of gustatory intensity. Scand. J. Psychol. 2, 185–190 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ekman, G.Åkesson, C.: Saltness, sweetness and preferences; a study of quantitative relations in individual subjects. Scand. J. Psychol. 6, 241–253 (1965).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gordon, G., Kitchell, R., Ström, L., Zotterman, Y.: The response pattern of taste fibres in the chorda tympani of the monkey. Acta physiol. scand. 46, 119–132 (1959).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Iriuchijima, J., Zotterman, Y.: Conduction rates of afferent fibres to the anterior tongue of the dog. Acta physiol. scand. 51, 283–289 (1961).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Katz, G.: Depolarization of sensory terminals and the initiation of impulses in the muscle spindle. J. Physiol. (Lond.) 111, 261–282 (1950).Google Scholar
  17. Kimura, K., Beidler, L. M.: Microelectrode study of taste receptors of rat and hamster. J. cell. comp. Physiol. 58, 131–140 (1961).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Morita, H., YamashIta, S.: Further studies on the receptor potential of chemoreceptors of the blowfly. Mem. Fac. Sci., Kyushy Univ. E., 4, 83–93 (1966).Google Scholar
  19. Skramlik, E. von: Handbuch der Physiologie der niederen Sinne. I. Die Physiologie des Geruchs und Geschmackssinnes, 532 pp. Leipzig: Georg Thieme 1926.Google Scholar
  20. Stevens, S. S.: On the psychophysical law. Psychol. Rev. 64, 153–181 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Zotterman, Y.: Species differences in the water taste. Acta physiol. scand. 37, 60–70 (1956).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag, Berlin · Heidelberg 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yngve Zotterman
    • 1
  1. 1.StockholmSweden

Personalised recommendations