Tuberculosis of the Gastrointestinal Tract and Peritoneum

  • Francis E. McGuinness


In the past decade, two distinct patterns of intra-abdominal tuberculosis (TB) have emerged. First, the classical disease, affecting the peritoneum, gastrointestinal tract, lymphatic system and solid organs and, second, the disease as an acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related condition. AIDS-related abdominal TB has a different pattern of symptoms, signs and pathology and is dealt with in a later chapter. In the years 1963–1986, 132 cases of peritoneal TB were reported in the USA, out of a total of 3942 records of extrapulmonary disease [1]. Of these, 71.2% of the 3942 cases fell amongst the racial minorities and the foreign born. In some studies, peritoneal TB occurred as a complicating illness in those patients already known to have hepatic cirrhosis or alcohol addiction [2,3].


Compute Tomography Examination Ascitic Fluid Bowel Loop Barium Study Pancreatic Abscess 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francis E. McGuinness
    • 1
  1. 1.AmsterdamNetherlands

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