Basis and Principles of Virtual Reality in Medical Imaging

  • Nigel W. John
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


This chapter provides an introduction to the technology behind medical virtual reality (VRe). The six main VRe technology components required are described: visual displays; tracking; input devices; haptics; audio; and computer hardware. Example uses in medical applications are provided. An overview of the medical areas where VRe is already being applied is then given, including training, diagnosis, planning and computer-augmented surgery.


Virtual Reality Virtual Environment Augmented Reality Haptic Feedback Haptic Device 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nigel W. John
    • 1
  1. 1.Manchester Visualisation CentreUniversity of ManchesterManchesterUK

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