Antarctic Coastal Landscapes: Characteristics, Ecology and Research

  • M. Bölter
  • L. Beyer
  • B. Stonehouse
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 154)


The Antarctic region is divisible ecologically into three circumpolar zonal subregions (Fig. 1.1>Table 1.1), each offering limited opportunities for settlement to plants and animals. The innermost high-latitude zone includes the polar continent, an ice-covered dome rising to over 4250 m, which imposes the most rigorous living conditions. The maritime zone, widest and most clearly defined in the sector containing the Antarctic Peninsula, features winters chilled by the presence of sea ice, and longer, markedly warmer summers. The periantarctic zone, including scattered island groups in a wide expanse of ocean, is far enough north to be free of pack ice in winter, and is correspondingly warmer throughout the year.


Antarctic Peninsula Antarctic Region Polar Desert Continental Coast Antarctic Zone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Allen SE, Heal OW (1970) Soils of the maritime Antarctic zone. In: Holdgate MW (ed) Antarctic ecology, vol 2. Academic Press, London, pp 693–96Google Scholar
  2. AMAP (1998) Arctic pollution issues: A state of the Arctic environment report. AMAP, OsloGoogle Scholar
  3. Battaglia B, Valencia J, Walton DWH (eds) (1997) Antarctic communities. Species, structure and survival. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  4. Bliss LC (1971) North American and Scandinavian tundras and polar deserts. In: Bliss LC, Heal OW, Moore JJ (eds) Tundra ecosystems: a comparative analysis. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 8–24Google Scholar
  5. Byrd RE (1947) Our navy explores Antarctica. Natl Geogr Mag 92:429–522Google Scholar
  6. Campbell IB, Claridge GGC (1987) Antarctica: soils, weathering processes and environment. Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  7. Claridge GGC, Campbell IB (1985) Physical geography — soils. In: Bonner WN, Walton DWH (eds) Key environments: Antarctica. Pergamon Press, Oxford, pp 62–70Google Scholar
  8. Ferris JM, Burton HR, Johnstone GW, Bayly IAE (eds) (1988) Biology of the Vestfold Hills. Kluwer, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  9. Fogg GE (1998) The biology of polar habitats. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  10. Friedmann EI (ed) (1993) Antarctic microbiology. Wiley-Liss, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  11. Holdgate MW (ed) (1970). Antarctic ecology. Academic Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  12. Horner R (ed) (1985) Sea ice biota. CRC Press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  13. Kerry KR, Hempel G (eds) (1990) Antarctic ecosystems. Ecological change and conservation. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  14. Kennedy AD (1995) Antarctic terrestrial ecosystem response to global environmental change. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 26:683–704CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Klebelsberg RV (1942) Formen-und gletscherkundliche Auswertung der Lichtbildaufnamen. Wissenschaftliche und fliegerische Ergebnisse der Deutschen Antarktischen Expedition 1938–39, Bd 14, p 154Google Scholar
  16. Klimowicz Z., Melke J, Uziak S (1997) Peat soils in the Bellsund region, Spitsbergen. Pol Polar Res 18:25–39Google Scholar
  17. Kushner DJ (ed) (1978) Microbial life in extreme environments. Academic Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  18. Laws RM (ed) (1984a) Antarctic Ecology, vol 1. Academic Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  19. Laws RM (ed) (1984b) Antarctic Ecology, vol 2. Academic Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  20. Lewis Smith RI (1984) Terrestrial plant biology of the sub-Antarctic and Antarctic. In: Laws RM (ed) Antarctic ecology, vol 1. Academic Press, London, pp 61–162Google Scholar
  21. Llano GA (ed) (1977) Adaptations within Antarctic ecosystems. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  22. Longton RE (1988) Biology of polar bryophytes and lichens. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Pickard J (ed) (1986) Antarctic oasis, terrestrial environment and history of the Vestfold Hills. Academic Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  24. Priscu JC (ed) (1998) Ecosystem dynamics in a polar desert. Antarctic Res Ser 72, Am Geophys Union, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  25. Seppelt RD (1986) Lichens of the Vestfold Hills. In: Pickard J (ed) Antarctic oasis. Terrestrial environments and history of the Vestfold Hills. Academic Press, Sydney, pp 247–274Google Scholar
  26. Shumskiy PA (1957) Glaciological and geomorphological reconnaissance in the Antarctic in 1956. J Glaciol 3:56–61Google Scholar
  27. Siegfried WR, Condy PR, Laws RM (eds) (1985) Antarctic nutrient cycles and food webs. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  28. Stephenson A (1938) The southern journey. In: Rymill J (ed) Southern lights. The official account of the British Graham Land Expedition 1934–37. Chatto and Windus, London, pp 177–201Google Scholar
  29. Stonehouse B (1982) La zonation écologique sous les hautes latitudes australes. In: Jouventin P, Massé L, Tréhen P (eds) Colloque sur les ecosystèmes subantarctiques, Comit é national français des recherches antarctiques Paris, pp 531–536Google Scholar
  30. Stonehouse B (1989) Polar ecology. Blackie, GlasgowCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Stonehouse B (1999) Biological processes in cold soils. Polar Rec 35:5–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Svoboda J, Freedman B (1994) Ecology of a polar oasis, Alexandra Fiord, Ellesmere Island, Canada. Captus University Publications, TorontoGoogle Scholar
  33. Vincent WF (1988) Microbial ecosystems of Antarctica. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  34. Washburn AL (1973) Periglacial processes and environments. Edward Arnold, LondonGoogle Scholar
  35. Weller G (1992) Antarctica and the detection of environmental change. Philos Trans R SocLondB 338:201–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Williams PJ, Smith MW (1989) The frozen earth: fundamentals of geocryology. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Bölter
  • L. Beyer
  • B. Stonehouse

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations