Frame-Based Models of Communities and Their History

  • Robert B. Allen
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8359)


Previous models of communities and their history have focused on the entities in those communities such as their locations and people. We introduce models which incorporate behaviors and processes. We propose that approaches based on object-oriented modeling are particularly useful. Specifically, we explore the feasibility of developing object-oriented models which employ linguistic frames adapted from the FrameNet corpus. We apply these models to relatively straightforward and self-contained historical scenarios. We implement the models in Java and analyze some of advantages and challenges in that approach. Historical newspapers are particularly rich sources of natural language descriptions about communities but there are many sources of non-linguistic information about communities which may also be incorporated. We consider the possibilities of developing more coherent models of communities based on modeling processes, partonomies, systems, and situations. Finally, we consider enabling greater interactivity with the structured models and alternative architectures for the models.


Behavior Descriptive Modeling Digital Humanities Events Functionality FrameNet Indexing Information Organization Java Object- Oriented Modeling Processes Social Modeling 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Allen, R.B.: Improving Access to Digitized Historical Newspapers with Text Mining, Coordinated Models, and Formative User Interface Design. In: IFLA International Newspaper Conference: Digital Preservation and Access to News and Views, New Delhi, pp. 54–59 (2010),
  2. 2.
    Allen, R.B.: Visualization, Causation, and History. In: iConference (2011),
  3. 3.
    Allen, R.B.: Developing a Knowledge-base to Improve Interaction with Collections of Historical Newspapers. In: IFLA WLIC, San Juan, PR (2011),
  4. 4.
    Allen, R.B.: Model-Oriented Information Organization: Part 1, The Entity-Event Fabric. D-Lib Magazine (2013), doi:10.1045/july2013-allen-pt1Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Allen, R.B.: Model-Oriented Information Organization: Part 2, Discourse Relationships. D-Lib Magazine (July 2013), doi:10.1045/july2013-allen-pt2Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Allen, R.B.: Toward an Interactive Directory for Norfolk, Nebraska: 1899-1900. In: IFLA Newspaper and Genealogy Section Meeting, Singapore (2013),
  7. 7.
    Allen, R.B.: Rich Semantic Modeling with Object-Oriented Approaches, ArXiv (in preparation)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Allen, R.B., Japzon, A., Achananuparp, P., Lee, K.-J.: A Framework for Text Processing and Supporting Access to Collections of Digitized Historical Newspapers. In: Smith, M.J., Salvendy, G. (eds.) HCII 2007. LNCS, vol. 4558, pp. 235–244. Springer, Heidelberg (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Engeström, Y.: Innovative Learning in Work Teams: Analyzing Cycles of Knowledge Creation in Practice. In: Engestrom, Y., Miettinen, R., Punamaki, R. (eds.) Perspectives on Activity Theory: Learning in Doing: Social, Cognitive, and Computational Perspectives, pp. 377–404. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1999)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Fillmore, C.: Frame Semantics and the Nature of Language. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences: Conference on the Origin and Development of Language and Speech 280, 20–32 (1976), Scholar
  11. 11.
    Mohr, J.W., White, H.C.: How to Model an Institution. Theory and Society 37, 485–512 (2008), Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ruppenhofer, J., Ellsworth, M., Petruck, M.R.L., Johnson, C.R., Scheffczyk, J.: FrameNet II: Extended Theory and Practice (2010),
  13. 13.
    Salzman, L., Aldrich, J.: Prototypes with Multiple Dispatch: An Expressive and Dynamic Object Model. In: Gao, X.-X. (ed.) ECOOP 2005. LNCS, vol. 3586, pp. 312–336. Springer, Heidelberg (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Winston, M.E., Chaffin, R., Herrmann, D.: A Taxonomy of Part-Whole Relations. Cognitive Science 11, 417–444 (1987), doi:10.1207/s15516709cog1104_2CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert B. Allen
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Center for Knowledge CommunitiesUniversity of TsukubaJapan

Personalised recommendations