Lengthening Reconstruction Surgery for Congenital Femoral Deficiency

  • Dror PaleyEmail author
  • Fran Guardo


Congenital femoral deficiency (CFD) is a spectrum of severity of femoral deficiency, deformity, and discrepancy. Deficiency implies a lack of integrity, stability, and mobility of the hip and knee joints. Deformity refers to bony malorientation, malrotation, and soft tissue contractures of the hip and knee. Both deficiencies and deformities are present at birth, nonprogressive, and of variable degree. Discrepancy refers to limb length and is progressive.


Femoral Head Proximal Femur Distal Femur Fascia Lata Flexion Contracture 
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© Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Paley Advanced Limb Lengthening InstituteWest Palm BeachUSA

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