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Central Hypersomnias

  • Azmeh Shahid
  • Jianhua Shen
  • Colin M. Shapiro
Chapter

Abstract

Hypersomnia refers to a large group of disorders. Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) is the main characteristic of hypersomnia. In the International Classification of Sleep Disorder (American Academy of Sleep Medicine 2001), narcolepsy, recurrent hypersomnia, idiopathic hypersomnia and post-traumatic hypersomnia are independently listed in the section of dyssomnia, while in the revised International Classification of Sleep Disorders (American Academy of Sleep Medicine 2005), hypersomnia includes primary hypersomnia (narcolepsy, idiopathic hypersomnia and recurrent hypersomnia) and secondary hypersomnia (such as hypersomnia induced by sleep apnoea). However, in the recently published 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V, American Psychiatric Association 2013), hypersomnia is described as ‘hypersomnolence disorder’, while narcolepsy is separately listed as an independent sleep disorder. Both hypersomnolence disorder and narcolepsy are under the category of sleep-wake disorders. In this chapter, hypersomnia disorders including narcolepsy, recurrent hypersomnia, idiopathic hypersomnia and post-traumatic hypersomnia are discussed.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Azmeh Shahid
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • Jianhua Shen
    • 5
  • Colin M. Shapiro
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Youthdale Child and Adolescent Sleep CentreTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Youthdale Treatment CentreTorontoCanada
  3. 3.University of TorontoTorontoCanada
  4. 4.Department of PsychiatryUniversity Health NetworkTorontoCanada
  5. 5.Sleep Research Unit University Health NetworkTorontoCanada

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