The Movement of Fish Schools: A Simulation Model

  • Andreas Huth
  • Christian Wissel
Part of the Lecture Notes in Biomathematics book series (LNBM, volume 89)


Fish schools represent a biological form of self organization (synergetics): Fish don’t need a leader or external stimuli for their school organization.

With the help of computer simulations we investigate the individual behaviour patterns which give rise to the self-organized movement of fish schools. Following the biology we modelled several basic behaviour patterns for the single fish in the school: attraction, repulsion, parallel orientation.

Connecting these patterns with an averaging concept for the mixing of the influences of fish’s neighbours, we find simulated fish schools with the typical characteristics of real fish schools: a high degree of parallel orientation and a strong cohesion. Moreovers the nearest neighbour distance distribution of our model fish school is found to agree with that of real schools.


Parallel Orientation Fish Group Fish School Jack Mackerel Strong Cohesion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andreas Huth
    • 1
  • Christian Wissel
    • 1
  1. 1.Fachbereiche Physik und BiologieUniversität MarburgMarburgGermany

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