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Rotator Cuff Tears in Athletes: Part II. Conservative Management – American Mind

  • Simon A. Euler
  • Dirk Kokmeyer
  • Peter J. MillettEmail author

Abstract

In the athletic population, rotator cuff tears most commonly result from an acute traumatic injury chronic overuse. While acute tears frequently require surgical treatment, chronic tears may benefit from conservative, nonoperative treatment. Following a phasic rehabilitation program, overhead athletes suffering partial- or even full-thickness rotator cuff tears often return to their preinjury level of competitive sport. Basic rehabilitation practices include passive and active range of motion exercises, selective capsular stretching, core strengthening and stability, neuromuscular exercise, and strengthening of the rotator cuff, deltoid, and periscapular musculature. The use of oral anti-inflammatory medications, injections, cryotherapy, and heat may also be indicated. In order to maintain optimal performance and to prevent subsequent re-injury throughout the competitive season, it is essential for the overhead athlete to maintain adequate strength, power, range of motion, and endurance.

The aim of this chapter is to review the well-established principles of conservative, nonoperative management for rotator cuff tears in the overhead athlete.

Keywords

Hyaluronic Acid Rotator Cuff Rotator Cuff Tear Overuse Injury Neuromuscular Control 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simon A. Euler
    • 1
    • 2
  • Dirk Kokmeyer
    • 3
  • Peter J. Millett
    • 4
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Center for Outcomes based Orthopaedic ResearchSteadman Philippon Research InstituteVailUSA
  2. 2.Department of Trauma Surgery and Sports TraumatologyMedical University InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria
  3. 3.Department of Howard Head Physical TherapyThe Steadman ClinicVailUSA
  4. 4.The Steadman ClinicVailUSA
  5. 5.Steadman Philippon Research InstituteVailUSA

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