Advertisement

Conceptual Semantic Representation of 3D Content

  • Jakub Flotyński
  • Krzysztof Walczak
Part of the Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing book series (LNBIP, volume 160)

Abstract

The complexity of 3D content makes its creation accessible to professional IT developers equipped with specific software tools and hardware devices, but it is generally inaccessible to non-expert users. The Semantic Web approach enables description of web resources with commonly used concepts. However, the use of semantic concepts may also facilitate creation of interactive 3D content. In this paper, a new approach to conceptual semantic representation of 3D content is proposed. The presented solution permits modelling of 3D content at an arbitrarily high level of semantic abstraction with the use of domain-specific ontologies. Thanks to the compliance with well-established solutions for semantics and 3D content representation, the proposed approach can facilitate widespread creation, dissemination and reuse of 3D content by non IT-professionals in a variety of application domains.

Keywords

3D web Semantic Web 3D content semantic modelling ontology 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Resource Description Framework (RDF), http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-concepts-20040210/ (retrieved August 13, 2013)
  2. 2.
    Resource Description Framework Schema, http://www.w3.org/TR/2000/CR-rdf-schema-20000327/ (retrieved August 13, 2013)
  3. 3.
    Web Ontology Language Reference http://www.w3.org/TR/owl-ref/ (retrieved August 13, 2013)
  4. 4.
    OWL 2 Web Ontology Language Profiles, 2nd edn., http://www.w3.org/TR/owl2-profiles/ (retrieved August 13, 2013)
  5. 5.
    SWRL: A Semantic Web Rule Language Combining OWL and RuleML, http://www.w3.org/Submission/SWRL/ (retrieved August 13, 2013)
  6. 6.
    Reaction RuleML, http://ruleml.org/reaction/ (retrieved August 13, 2013)
  7. 7.
    Otto, K.A.: Semantic Virtual Environments. In: Special Interest Tracks and Posters of the 14th Int. Conference on World Wide Web, Chiba, Japan, May 10-14, pp. 1036–1037 (2005)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bilasco, I.M., Villanova-Oliver, M., Gensel, J., Martin, H.: Semantic-based Rules for 3D Scene Adaptation. In: Proceedings of the Twelfth International Conference on 3D Web Technology, Umbria, Italy, April 15-18, pp. 97–100 (2007)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bilasco, I.M., Gensel, J., Villanova-Oliver, M., Martin, H.: On Indexing of 3D Scenes Using MPEG-7. In: Proceedings of the 13th Annual ACM International Conference on Multimedia, Singapore, November 06-12, pp. 471–474 (2005)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bilasco, I.M., Gensel, J., Villanova-Oliver, M., Martin, H.: 3DSEAM: a model for annotating 3D scenes using MPEG-7. In: Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference on 3D Web Technology, Columbia, MD, USA, April 18-21, pp. 65–74 (2006)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Pittarello, F., Faveri, A.: Semantic description of 3D environments: a proposal based on web standards. In: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on 3D Web Technology, Columbia, USA, April 18-21, pp. 85–95 (2006)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Walczak, K.: Flex-VR: Configurable 3D Web Applications. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Human System Interaction HSI, Kraków, May 25-27, pp. 135–140 (2008) ISBN: 1-4244-1543-8Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    De Troyer, O., Bille, W., Romero, R., Stuer, P.: On Generating Virtual Worlds from Domain Ontologies. In: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Multi-Media Modeling, Taipei, Taiwan, pp. 279–294 (2003) ISBN 957-9078-57-2 Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bille, W., Pellens, B., Kleinermann, F., De Troyer, O.: Intelligent Modelling of Virtual Worlds Using Domain Ontologies. In: Proceedings of the Workshop of Intelligent Computing (WIC), held in conjunction with the MICAI 2004 Conf., Mexico City, pp. 272–279 (2004)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    De Troyer, O., Kleinermann, F., Pellens, B., Bille, W.: Conceptual modeling for virtual reality. In: Tutorials, Posters, Panels and Industrial Contributions at the 26th International Conference on Conceptual Modeling, vol. 83, pp. 3–18. Australian Computer Society, Inc., Darlinghurst (2007) ISBN: 978-1-920682-64-4 Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Walczak, K.: Beh-VR: Modeling Behavior of Dynamic Virtual Reality Contents. In: Zha, H., Pan, Z., Thwaites, H., Addison, A.C., Forte, M. (eds.) VSMM 2006. LNCS, vol. 4270, pp. 40–51. Springer, Heidelberg (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Pellens, B., De Troyer, O., Bille, W., Kleinermann, F., Romero, R.: An Ontology-Driven Approach for Modeling Behavior in Virtual Environments. In: Meersman, R., Tari, Z. (eds.) OTM-WS 2005. LNCS, vol. 3762, pp. 1215–1224. Springer, Heidelberg (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Pellens, B., De Troyer, O., Bille, W., Kleinermann, F.: Conceptual Modeling of Object Behavior in a Virtual Environment. In: Proceedings of Virtual Concept 2005, pp. 93–94. Springer, Biarritz (2005) ISBN 2-287-28772-8 Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Pellens, B., Kleinermann, F., De Troyer, O.: A Development Environment using Behavior Patterns to Facilitate Building 3D/VR Applications. In: Proceedings of the 6th Australasian Conference on Interactive Entertainment. ACM, Sydney (2009)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Pellens, B., De Troyer, O., Kleinermann, F.: CoDePA: a conceptual design pattern approach to model behavior for X3D worlds. In: Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on 3D Web Technology, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 09-10, pp. 91–99 (2008)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Zaid, L.A., Kleinermann, F., De Troyer, O.: Applying semantic web technology to feature modeling. In: Proceedings of the 2009 ACM Symposium on Applied Computing, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, pp. 1252–1256 (2009) ISBN: 978-1-60558-166-8 Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Flotyński, J., Walczak, K.: Semantic Multi-layered Design of Interactive 3D Presentations. In: Proceedings of the Federated Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems, Kraków, Poland, September 8-11 (accepted for publication, 2013)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    ISO/IEC 14772-1:1997. The Virtual Reality Modeling Language, http://www.web3d.org/x3d/specifications/ (retrieved August 13, 2013)
  24. 24.
    Extensible 3D, X3D (2008), http://web3d.org/x3d/specifications/ (retrieved August 13, 2013)

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jakub Flotyński
    • 1
  • Krzysztof Walczak
    • 1
  1. 1.Poznań University of EconomicsPoznańPoland

Personalised recommendations