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Assessment of Social Impact Costs and Social Impact Magnitude from Breakdowns in Critical Infrastructures

  • Mats B-O Larsson
  • Gunnar Björkman
  • Mathias Ekstedt
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7722)

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to describe a new and innovative method for the calculation of societal consequences from breakdowns in critical infrastructures. Both a Social Impact Cost is calculated as lost Gross Domestic Product and non-economic consequences are quantified. For the non-economic consequences a new measure is introduced called Social Impact Magnitude that resembles the Richter scale. The paper describes the methods used and the design of the software tool developed for this purpose. The second part of the paper includes some practical examples how the societal consequences have been calculated for a number of power outage scenarios. Future potential development to cover other types of critical infrastructures and dependencies between infrastructures are indicated at the end.

Keywords

Critical infrastructures Impact analysis Impact Costs Impact Magnitude Societal consequences Virtual society Blackout scenarios Restoration Load profiles Outage assessment SCADA security Infrastructure dependence 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mats B-O Larsson
    • 1
  • Gunnar Björkman
    • 2
  • Mathias Ekstedt
    • 3
  1. 1.MML Analys & Strategi ABÅhusSweden
  2. 2.ABB AGMannheimGermany
  3. 3.Industrial Information and Control SystemsKTH - Royal Institute of TechnologyStockholmSweden

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