Advertisement

System Dynamics for Railway Infrastructure Protection

  • Maria Carla De Maggio
  • Roberto Setola
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7722)

Abstract

The railway infrastructure represents, for its symbolic value and accessibility, a very attractive target for criminals and terrorists alike. This paper intends to address the security issues of such systems, beginning with the railway stations themselves., The peculiarities of the railway infrastructure, in terms of geographical dispersion and mass transportation, present a formidable challenge considering the ratio of limited resources against the most vulnerable components, (i.e. stations that show the largest gap between terrorist attractiveness and implemented counter-measures). To this end, we used a System Dynamics approach to model how the different factors influence the railway station target attractiveness, fragility and vulnerability. Specifically, a deep analysis of past incidents (and near incidents) allows us to quantify the effectiveness of the different elements.

Keywords

Railway Infrastructure Protection System Dynamics Qualitative Assessment Sensitivity Assessment 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act (2001)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Department of Homeland Security, Physical Protection of Facilities and Real Properties (April 2003)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Proposal for a Directive of the Council on the identification and designation of European Critical Infrastructure and the assessment of the need to improve their protection, COM, 787 (2006)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Council Directive 2008/114/EC of 8 December 2008 on the identification and designation of European critical infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection. Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Radzicki, M.J., Taylor, R.A.: Origin of System Dynamics: Jay W. Forrester and the History of System Dynamics. In: U.S. Department of Energy’s Introduction to System Dynamics (2008)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jenkins, B.M., Butterworth, B.R.: Explosives and Incendiaries Used in Terrorist Attacks on Public Surface Transportation: A Preliminary Empirical Analysis. Mineta Transportation Institute Report (March 2010)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    De Cillis, F., De Maggio, M.C., Pragliola, C., Setola, R.: Analysis of criminal and terrorist related episodes in railway infrastructure scenarios. Publishing on Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    National CounterTerrorism Center, 2010 Report on Terrorism (April 30, 2011)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ray Jeffery, C.: Crime prevention through environmental design. Sage Publications (1971)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jacobs, J.: The Death and Life of Great American Cities. Random House (1961)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Crowe, T.D.: Crime Prevention through Environmental Design. National Crime Prevention Institute (2000)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hedayati Marzbali, M., et al.: Validating crime prevention through environmental design construct through checklist using structural equation modelling. International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice 40(2), 82–99 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Carla De Maggio
    • 1
  • Roberto Setola
    • 1
  1. 1.Complex Systems & Security LabUniversità Campus Bio-Medico di RomaRomeItaly

Personalised recommendations