Open Innovation: Strategic Options, Actors, Tools and Tensions



Open innovation describes innovation processes that span across the boundaries of organizations or research and development (R&D) departments. It integrates different types of innovators regardless of their institutional affiliations to generate creative ideas, innovation concepts and novel solutions. The purpose of this chapter is to describe underlying mechanisms and strategic options for realizing open innovation. It presents three types of innovators and their functions in innovation endeavors and introduces five tools that facilitate open innovation. Finally, challenges and core tensions are discussed as a basis for the successful management of strategic open innovation initiatives.


Innovation Process Open Innovation Innovation Activity Additive Manufacturing Organizational Innovation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



A very warm thank you to all inside and outside innovators who are part of our ongoing innovation research journey! This article bundles knowledge from the research project “Open-I: Open Innovation within Organizations”, funded by the federal ministry of research and education (BMBF) and the European social fund (ESF) (support code 01FM07053 and 01FM07054) and builds on earlier work (e.g. Moeslein and Bansemir 2011, Moeslein et al. 2012 and Moeslein 2013).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universität Erlangen-NürnbergNürnbergGermany

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