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Lateral Line Morphology and Development and Implications for the Ontogeny of Flow Sensing in Fishes

  • Jacqueline F. WebbEmail author

Abstract

This chapter considers the morphological diversity of lateral line canals and neuromast receptor organs among fishes and how the pattern and timing of lateral line development can inform an understanding of the ontogeny of flow sensing. The morphology (and presumably the function) of the lateral line system changes considerably as a fish develops. Morphogenesis of the lateral line system starts before hatch and continues through the larval and juvenile stages, and thus, may take up to several months to complete during which fish size increases considerably. The appropriate course and timing of the development are critical for the development of feeding, swimming, and predator avoidance behaviors, and the ability to orient to environmental flows, which all ensure survival of young fishes. It is predicted that lateral line function, and thus flow sensing, is affected by a combination of both ontogenetic changes in the morphology of the lateral line system and the nature of the changing hydrodynamic regime in which a developing fish lives. Several aspects of lateral line development are predicted to have important effects on the functional ontogeny of the system: (1) increase in neuromast number, (2) changes in the relative number of superficial and canal neuromasts (CN), (3) changes in neuromast morphology (size, shape, hair cell number), and (4) variation in the pattern and timing of canal development.

Keywords

Hair Cell Lateral Line Lateral Line System Lateral Line Scale Lateral Line Canal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

I thank Dr. Matthew J. McHenry for his insights on the functional implications of ontogenetic changes in neuromast morphology derived from his modeling studies. Members of the Webb lab contributed to figures and provided helpful comments on an earlier version of the manuscript. The writing of this chapter was partially carried out while the author was a Whitman Summer Investigator at the MBL (Woods Hole) and was supported by funds from the College of the Environment and Life Sciences, University of Rhode Island and NSF grant # IOS-0843307.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesCenter for Biotechnology and Life Sciences, University of Rhode IslandKingstonUSA

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