Transportation or travel mode recognition plays an important role in enabling us to derive transportation profiles, e.g., to assess how eco-friendly our travel is, and to adapt travel information services such as maps to the travel mode. However, current methods have two key limitations: low transportation mode recognition accuracy and coarse-grained transportation mode recognition capability. In this paper, we propose a new method which leverages a set of wearable foot force sensors in combination with the use of a mobile phone’s GPS (FF+GPS) to address these limitations. The transportation modes recognised include walking, cycling, bus passenger, car passenger, and car driver. The novelty of our approach is that it provides a more fine-grained transportation mode recognition capability in terms of reliably differentiating bus passenger, car passenger and car driver for the first time. Result shows that compared to a typical accelerometer-based method with an average accuracy of 70%, the FF+GPS based method achieves a substantial improvement with an average accuracy of 95% when evaluated using ten individuals.


Transportation Mode Recognition Foot force sensor GPS Accelerometer 


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Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Science, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zelun Zhang
    • 1
  • Stefan Poslad
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Electronic Engineering and Computer ScienceQueen Mary University of LondonLondonUnited Kingdom

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