Advances in Cryptology – CRYPTO 2013 pp 519-535
On the Achievability of Simulation-Based Security for Functional Encryption
- Cite this paper as:
- De Caro A., Iovino V., Jain A., O’Neill A., Paneth O., Persiano G. (2013) On the Achievability of Simulation-Based Security for Functional Encryption. In: Canetti R., Garay J.A. (eds) Advances in Cryptology – CRYPTO 2013. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 8043. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
This work attempts to clarify to what extent simulation-based security (SIM-security) is achievable for functional encryption (FE) and its relation to the weaker indistinguishability-based security (IND-security). Our main result is a compiler that transforms any FE scheme for the general circuit functionality (which we denote by Circuit-FE) meeting indistinguishability-based security (IND-security) to a Circuit-FE scheme meeting SIM-security, where:
In the random oracle model, the resulting scheme is secure for an unbounded number of encryption and key queries, which is the strongest security level one can ask for.
In the standard model, the resulting scheme is secure for a bounded number of encryption and non-adaptive key queries, but an unbounded number of adaptive key queries. This matches known impossibility results and improves upon Gorbunov et al. [CRYPTO’12] (which is only secure for non-adaptive key queries).
Our compiler is inspired by the celebrated Fiat-Lapidot-Shamir paradigm [FOCS’90] for obtaining zero-knowledge proof systems from witness-indistinguishable proof systems. As it is currently unknown whether Circuit-FE meeting IND-security exists, the purpose of this result is to establish that it remains a good target for future research despite known deficiencies of IND-security [Boneh et al. – TCC’11, O’Neill – ePrint ’10]. We also give a tailored construction of SIM-secure hidden vector encryption (HVE) in composite-order bilinear groups. Finally, we revisit the known negative results for SIM-secure FE, extending them to natural weakenings of the security definition and thus providing essentially a full picture of the (in)achievability of SIM-secure FE.
KeywordsFunctional Encryption Hidden Vector Encryption Simulation-Based Security
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