Plant Root Strategies for Robotic Soil Penetration

  • Alice Tonazzini
  • Ali Sadeghi
  • Liyana Popova
  • Barbara Mazzolai
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8064)

Abstract

Soil penetration strategies of plant roots can represent an interesting source of inspiration for designing explorer robots. In this work we present a selection of these strategies whose performances were discussed and evaluated by means of engineering mock-ups and dedicated experiments in granular substrates. The obtained results demonstrated that root elongation from the tip reduces the forces needed for soil penetration up to 50%; tip morphology and anchorage resulted to strongly influence penetration performances.

Keywords

Soil penetration strategies Plant root inspired robots 

References

  1. 1.
    Bengough, A.G., Croser, C., Pritchard, J.: A biophysical analysis of root growth under mechanical stress. Plant and Soil 189, 155–164 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Tonazzini, A., Popova, L., Mattioli, F., Mazzolai, B.: Analysis and Characterization of a Robotic Probe Inspired by the Plant Root Apex. In: Biorob, Roma (2012)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sadeghi, A., Tonazzini, A., Popova, L., Mazzolai, B.: Innovative Robotic Mechanism for Soil Penetration Inspired by Plant Roots. In: ICRA, Karlsruhe (2013)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alice Tonazzini
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ali Sadeghi
    • 2
  • Liyana Popova
    • 1
    • 2
  • Barbara Mazzolai
    • 2
  1. 1.The BioRobotics InstituteScuola Superiore Sant’AnnaPontederaItaly
  2. 2.Center for Micro-BioRoboticsItalian Institute of TechnologyPontederaItaly

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