Issues and Understandings for Rural HCI Systems Development: Agile Approaches “In the Wild”

  • Mark Davies
  • Alan Chamberlain
  • Andy Crabtree
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 373)


HCI system design has largely been focused towards urban areas, the technology and the infrastructure of such environments. Researchers are often unaware of the local, real-word context and the restraints that this can have upon the both the interactional possibilities and use of their systems in rural-settings. Over the past decade, new developments in mobile and ubiquitous computing now make it possible for users to move beyond the urban fringes and into areas that are ’on the edge’ of connectivity. Many modern systems take advantage of the Internet capabilities and being "always connected" to provide rich dynamic content, which sits within this always on and always connected model. Systems where data connectivity is relied upon can become redundant in rural spaces, where often, mobile signal is weak and connectivity unreliable. Popular digital services such as Google Maps work well in urban areas however, such services lack the detailed information required for use in rural areas and expect the user to have a good level of connectivity. This paper draws upon our research in HCI, system development and the issues relating to understanding the design and development of rural systems with real-world communities. We focus our research in this rural setting in order to provide appropriate interaction and reliable methods for improving mapping in rural spaces. We highlight the features of our research through outlining a set of principles and discussing an online and mobile solution to allow people to create mobile digital books, made up with rich multimedia, about the places they visit and activities they engage in.


Rural Setting Ubiquitous Computing Urban Fringe Agile Method Data Connectivity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Sy, D.: Adapting Usability Investigations for Agile User-centered Design. Journal of Usability Studies 2(3) (2007)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Beck, K., et al.: Manifesto for Agile Software Development. Agile Alliance (2001), (retrieved September 6, 2012)
  3. 3.
    Crabtree, A., Rouncefield, M., Tolmie, P.: Doing Design Ethnography. Springer (2012)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Greenberg, S., Buxton, B.: Usability Considered Harmful (Some of the Time). In: Proceedings of the 2008 ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2008, pp. 111–120 (2008)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Glass, R.: Agile Versus Traditional: Make Love, Not War. Cutter IT Journal (December 2001)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sommerville, I.: Software Engineering, 8th edn. Addison – Wesley (2007)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ehn, P., Kyng, M.: The Collective Resource Approach to Systems Design. In: Bjerknes, G., Ehn, P., Kyng, M. (eds.) Computers and Democracy - A Scandinavian Challenge, pp. 17–58. Avebury, Aldershot (1987)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chamberlain, A., Crabtree, A., Davies, M., Greenhalgh, G., Rodden, T., Valchovska, S., Glover, K.: Fresh and local: the rural produce market as a site for co-design, ubiquitous technological intervention and digital-economic development. In: ACM Conference Mobile and Ubiquitous Multimedia, Ulm, Germany (2012)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Chamberlain, A., Crabtree, A., Davies, M.: Community Engagement for Research: Contextual design in rural CSCW system development. In: The 6th International Conference on Communities and Technology, C&T 2013, Munich, Germany (2013)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark Davies
    • 1
  • Alan Chamberlain
    • 1
  • Andy Crabtree
    • 1
  1. 1.University of NottinghamNottinghamUK

Personalised recommendations