Identifying Potential Risks and Benefits of Using Cloud in Distributed Software Development

  • Nilay Oza
  • Jürgen Münch
  • Juan Garbajosa
  • Agustin Yague
  • Eloy Gonzalez Ortega
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7983)

Abstract

Cloud-based infrastructure has been increasingly adopted by the industry in distributed software development (DSD) environments. Its proponents claim that its several benefits include reduced cost, increased speed and greater productivity in software development. Empirical evaluations, however, are in the nascent stage of examining both the benefits and the risks of cloud-based infrastructure. The objective of this paper is to identify potential benefits and risks of using cloud in a DSD project conducted by teams based in Helsinki and Madrid. A cross-case qualitative analysis is performed based on focus groups conducted at the Helsinki and Madrid sites. Participants’ observations are used to supplement the analysis. The results of the analysis indicated that the main benefits of using cloud are rapid development, continuous integration, cost savings, code sharing, and faster ramp-up. The key risks determined by the project are dependencies, unavailability of access to the cloud, code commitment and integration, technical debt, and additional support costs. The results revealed that if such environments are not planned and set up carefully, the benefits of using cloud in DSD projects might be overshadowed by the risks associated with it.

Keywords

cloud-based software development distributed software development DSD global software development case study empirical software engineering offshore software development cloud computing benefits and risks of using cloud 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Arimura, Y., Ito, M.: Cloud Computing for Software Development Environment. —In-house Deployment at Numazu Software Development Cloud Center. Fujitsu Sci. Tech. J. 47(3), 325–334 (2011)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Armbrust, M., Fox, A., Griffith, R., Joseph, A.D., Katz, R., Konwinski, A., Lee, G., Patterson, D., Rabkin, A., Stoica, I., Zaharia, M.: A view of cloud computing. Communications of the ACM 53(4), 50–58 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Buyya, R., Yeo, S., Venugopal, S., Broberg, J., Brandic, I.: Cloud computing and emerging IT platforms: Vision, hype, and reality for delivering computing as the 5th utility. Future Generation Computer Systems 25(6), 599–616 (2009) ISSN 0167-739X, 10.1016/j.future.2008.12.001Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dillon, T., Wu, C., Chang, E.: Cloud Computing: Issues and Challenges. In: 24th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications (2010)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Erdogmus, H.: Cloud Computing: Does Nirvana Hide behind the Nebula? IEEE Software 26(2), 4–6 (2009), doi:10.1109/MS.2009.31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Garrison, G., Kim, S., Wakefield, R.L.: Success factors for deploying cloud computing. Communications of ACM 55(9), 62–68 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Grossman, R.L.: The Case for Cloud Computing. IT Professional 11(2), 23–27 (2009), doi:10.1109/MITP.2009.40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hashmi, S.I., Clerc, V., Razavian, M., Manteli, C., Tamburri, D.A., Lago, P., Nitto, E.D., Richardson, I.: Using the Cloud to Facilitate Global Software Development Challenges. In: 2011 Sixth IEEE International Conference on Global Software Engineering Workshop (ICGSEW), pp. 70–77 (August 2011), doi:10.1109/ICGSE-W.2011.19Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kim, W., Kim, D.S., Lee, E., Lee, S.: Adoption issues for cloud computing. In: Proceedings of iiWAS 2009, pp. 3–6 (December 2009)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kniberg, H.: Kanban and Scrum - Making the Most of Both. Lulu.com (2010)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Krueger, R.A., Casey, M.A.: Focus groups: a practical guide for applied research. Pine Forge Press (2009)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mell, P., Grance, T.: Draft - NIST working definition of cloud computing - v15 (August 2009), http://www.nist.gov/itl/cloud/upload/cloud-def-v15.pdf
  13. 13.
    Phaphoom, N., Oza, N., Wang, X., Abrahamsson, P.: Does cloud computing deliver the promised benefits for IT industry? In: Proceedings of the WICSA/ECSA 2012 Companion Volume (WICSA/ECSA 2012), pp. 45–52. ACM, New York (2012), doi:10.1145/2361999.2362007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Rimal, B.P., Choi, E., Lumb, I.: A Taxonomy and Survey of Cloud Computing Systems. In: Fifth International Joint Conference on NCM 2009, pp. 44–51 (August 2009), doi:10.1109/NCM.2009.218Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Runeson, P., Höst, M.: Guidelines for conducting and reporting case study research in software engineering. Empirical Software Engineering 14(2), 131–164 (2009), doi:10.1007/s10664-008-9102-8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Voas, J., Zhang, J.: Cloud Computing: New Wine or Just a New Bottle? IT Professional 11(2), 15–17 (2009), doi:10.1109/MITP.2009.23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Yara, P., Ramachandran, R., Balasubramanian, G., Muthuswamy, K., Chandrasekar, D.: Global Software Development with Cloud Platforms. In: Gotel, O., Joseph, M., Meyer, B. (eds.) SEAFOOD 2009. LNBIP, vol. 35, pp. 81–95. Springer, Heidelberg (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nilay Oza
    • 1
  • Jürgen Münch
    • 1
  • Juan Garbajosa
    • 2
  • Agustin Yague
    • 2
  • Eloy Gonzalez Ortega
    • 3
  1. 1.University of HelsinkiFinland
  2. 2.Universidad Politecnica MadridSpain
  3. 3.Indra Software LabsSpain

Personalised recommendations