The Effects of a Pedagogical Agent for Informal Science Education on Learner Behaviors and Self-efficacy

  • H. Chad Lane
  • Clara Cahill
  • Susan Foutz
  • Daniel Auerbach
  • Dan Noren
  • Catherine Lussenhop
  • William Swartout
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7926)


We describe Coach Mike, an animated pedagogical agent for informal computer science education, and report findings from two experiments that provide initial evidence for the efficacy of the system. In the first study, we found that Coach Mike’s presence led to 20% longer holding times, increased acceptance of programming challenges, and reduced misuse of the exhibit, but had limited cumulative impact on attitudes, awareness, and knowledge beyond what the host exhibit already achieved. In the second study, we compared two different versions of Coach Mike and found that the use of enthusiasm and self-regulatory feedback led to greater self-efficacy for programming.


pedagogical agents intelligent tutoring systems informal science education computer science education enthusiasm self-efficacy 


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Chad Lane
    • 1
  • Clara Cahill
    • 2
  • Susan Foutz
    • 3
  • Daniel Auerbach
    • 1
  • Dan Noren
    • 3
  • Catherine Lussenhop
    • 2
  • William Swartout
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Creative TechnologiesUniversity of Southern CaliforniaPlaya VistaUSA
  2. 2.Boston Museum of ScienceBostonUSA
  3. 3.Independent ContractorUSA

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