In this paper we propose a new meta-heuristic algorithm called penguins Search Optimization Algorithm (PeSOA), based on collaborative hunting strategy of penguins. In recent years, various effective methods, inspired by nature and based on cooperative strategies, have been proposed to solve NP-hard problems in which, no solutions in polynomial time could be found. The global optimization process starts with individual search process of each penguin, who must communicate to his group its position and the number of fish found. This collaboration aims to synchronize dives in order to achieve a global solution (place with high amounts of food). The global solution is chosen by election of the best group of penguins who ate the maximum of fish. After describing the behavior of penguins, we present the formulation of the algorithm before presenting the various tests with popular benchmarks. Comparative studies with other meta-heuristics have proved that PeSOA performs better as far as new optimization strategy of collaborative and progressive research of the space solutions.


Meta-heuristic Optimization Penguins Bio-inspiration NP-hard 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Youcef Gheraibia
    • 1
  • Abdelouahab Moussaoui
    • 2
  1. 1.Computing DepartmentMohamed Cherif Messadia UnivercitySouk AhrasAlgeria
  2. 2.Computing DepartmentFerhat Abbas UnivercitySetifAlgeria

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