The Meniscus: Basic Science

  • H. Pereira
  • J. Silva-Correia
  • J. M. Oliveira
  • R. L. Reis
  • J. Espregueira-Mendes
Chapter

Abstract

The menisci are semilunar discs of fibrocartilaginous tissue which play critical roles in knee joint biomechanics [1]. Despite, it has been described in the past as nearly useless with perhaps some minor roles on joint nutrition and stabilization [2]. These complex structures are primarily composed of an interlacing network of collagen fibers (predominantly type I collagen) interposed with cells, and an extracellular matrix (ECM) of proteoglycans and glycoproteins.

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Copyright information

© ISAKOS 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Pereira
    • 1
  • J. Silva-Correia
    • 1
  • J. M. Oliveira
    • 1
  • R. L. Reis
    • 1
  • J. Espregueira-Mendes
    • 1
  1. 1.Clínica Espregueira-MendesPortoPortugal

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