Ontological Modeling of Interoperable Abnormal States

  • Yuki Yamagata
  • Hiroko Kou
  • Kouji Kozaki
  • Riichiro Mizoguchi
  • Takeshi Imai
  • Kazuhiko Ohe
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 7774)

Abstract

Exchanging huge volumes of data is a common concern in various fields. One issue has been the difficulty of cross-domain sharing of knowledge because of its highly heterogeneous nature. We constructed an ontological model of abnormal states from the generic to domain-specific level. We propose a unified form to describe an abnormal state as a "property", and then divide it into an "attribute" and a "value" in a qualitative form. This approach promotes interoperability and flexibility of quantitative raw data, qualitative information, and generic/abstract knowledge. By developing an is-a hierarchal tree and combining causal chains of diseases, 17,000 abnormal states from 6000 diseases can be captured as generic causal relations and are reusable across 12 medical departments.

Keywords

ontology abnormal state property disease interoperability 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuki Yamagata
    • 1
  • Hiroko Kou
    • 1
  • Kouji Kozaki
    • 1
  • Riichiro Mizoguchi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Takeshi Imai
    • 3
  • Kazuhiko Ohe
    • 3
  1. 1.The Institute of Scientific and Industrial ResearchOsaka UniversityIbarakiJapan
  2. 2.Research Center for Service Science School of Knowledge ScienceJapan Advanced Institute of Science and TechnologyNomiJapan
  3. 3.Department of Medical Informatics, Graduate School of MedicineThe University of TokyoBunkyo-kuJapan

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