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Peacekeeping 4.0: Harnessing the Potential of Big Data, Social Media, and Cyber Technologies

  • John KarlsrudEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Since the Cold War, peacekeeping has evolved from first-generation peacekeeping that focused on monitoring peace agreements, to third-generation multidimensional peacekeeping operations tasked with rebuilding states and their institutions during and after conflict. However, peacekeeping today is lagging behind the changes marking our time. Big Data, including social media, and the many actors in the field may provide peacekeeping and peacebuilding operations with information and tools to enable them to respond better, faster and more effectively, saving lives and building states. These tools are already well known in the areas of humanitarian action, social activism, and development. Also the United Nations, through the Global Pulse initiative, has begun to discover the potential of “Big Data for Development,” which may in time help prevent violent conflict. However, less has been done in the area of peacekeeping. UN member states should push for change so that the world organization and other multilateral actors can get their act together, mounting a fourth generation of peacekeeping operations that can utilize the potentials of Big Data, social media and modern technology—“Peacekeeping 4.0.” The chapter details some of the initiatives that can be harnessed and further developed, and offers policy recommendations for member states, the UN Security Council, and UN peacekeeping at UN headquarters and at field levels.

Keywords

Member State Social Medium Security Council Situational Awareness Spatial Data Infrastructure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Interviews

  1. Interview with Patrick Meier, 27 Aug 2012.Google Scholar
  2. Interview with senior UN DPKO official, New York, 23 August 2012.Google Scholar
  3. Interview with UN OICT official, 14 Sep 2012.Google Scholar
  4. Interview with UN PBSO official, 22 August 2012.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Norwegian Institute of International AffairsOsloNorway

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